Glossary of 50 types of medical writing

The ultimate guide to types of medical writing: 50 project types

There are many different types of medical writing projects we get asked to do. Each different type of medical writing project has a specific purpose and potential audience. These types of medical writing projects can be for either technical or marketing documents. The types of medical writing projects can range from short social media posts to a medical textbook of hundreds of pages. They can be highly technical or simple, conversational explanations of medical or scientific ideas.

Prior to deciding on the types of medical writing projects you have, be clear on who your target audience is, your intended outcome and the type of message you want to convey. Some messages are better conveyed in words alone, while others need visual aids. Some types of medical writing projects have strict rules regarding formatting and what needs to be included, such as patent applications, grant proposals and journal articles. However, some types of medical writing projects allow full flexibility and creativity because they will essentially be self-published online.

Here, we explain several different types of medical writing projects we do and their purpose. We have also attached a hyperlink to an example of such a document to provide additional clarity; whenever possible, we linked to one we wrote or edited ourselves. We put this together in alphabetical order as a glossary.

Abstract – #1 on our list of types of medical writing

An abstract is a type of medical writing that is a short summary that is meant to give a brief overview of a scientific paper. It is usually on the first page and should give readers a general understanding of what the paper is about, without telling the entire scientific narrative. Abstracts may also be used as a “pitch” of sorts by authors who want to present their scientific research at a scientific conference.   

Abstracts vary in length depending on the journal or conference that it is being submitted to, but they generally range from about 150 to 300 words. Below are some examples of scientific publication abstracts and conference abstracts.

Scientific publication abstract example –

Conference abstract example –

Ad Copy – #2 on our list of types of medical writing

Ad copy or advertising copy is a type of marketing document that is used to attract the attention of potential customers. It seeks to highlight and promote the key features of a company, product or service. Because advertising copy is used to drive an individual to potentially purchase a product or service, there is an element of creativity needed when writing it.

Ad copy usually relies on psychological and emotional triggers to get customers to purchase. A key component of successful ad copy is convincing the potential customer that a product or service will solve a problem they have or provide a desired benefit. Historically, ad copy always came in written form. However, with the advent of technology, there are now many types of ad copy: written, audio, video and multimedia ad copy. All types of ad copy are meant to accomplish the same goal, they just rely on different mediums.

Amazon Description – #3 on our list of types of medical writing

An Amazon description or Amazon product description is a written introduction about a product listed for sale on Amazon. The purpose of the Amazon description is to highlight the key components of the product as well as its purpose and potential benefits and uses. The Amazon description is the only interface between a consumer and the product creator; therefore, it should contain all relevant information about a product so that potential customers do not have to search elsewhere to find information about the product.

Since Amazon has word limits though, the wording should be concise and to the point, with no fluff. The focus should be on the benefits of the product and what sets it apart from other similar products.  Another important thing to keep in mind when writing Amazon descriptions is keywords. In order to ensure that a product gets highlighted in searches, it is important to include keywords that potential buyers may be typing into the search box.

Amendment – #4 on our list of types of medical writing

Amendments and corrections are types of documents that can be utilized to make necessary changes to existing published documents. At times in scientific and medical writings, errors slip through the oversight of the author and publisher. These errors are usually caught during the editorial review or revision process; both of which occur prior to publishing. However, once published, authors and/or publishers must submit an amendment or correction to change the published work.

The amendment or correction can be either an author or publisher correction. An author correction is usually a change or alteration in the mislabeling of a graph, or the incorrect units used in some type of visual representation. A publisher correction is usually a format issue or a mislabeled title that the publisher did not correct. Both types of these corrections are necessary to update published works online and in printed media. These amendments and corrections are necessary to ensure that adequate scientific and medical knowledge is being appropriately communicated to the scientific and medical community.

In the amendment, the author refers to the original document, the date of publication, and describes the necessary correction. The date of the amendment publication and the subsequent new publication is also reflected. 

Author amendment example –

Publisher amendment example –

Article – #5 on our list of types of medical writing

A scientific and medical article is the most basic and broad category of medical writing. These articles are publications that are based upon evidence which supports research: they can also describe some scientific or medical trend. The purpose of an article is to disseminate some type of information to a broad audience.

There are many different types of scientific and medical articles, but primary, secondary, specialized, featured and web are a few common ones. These articles vary vastly but usually are comprised of a headline, introduction, body, discussion, and conclusion.

Primary articles include case reports, case studies, technical notes, and original research articles. Secondary articles primarily include review articles. Specialized articles also include information such as editorials, communications, commentaries, letters to the editor, opinions, and protocols. Specialized articles with deviate from this structure by adding or removing specific elements. Specialized articles can also be utilized for specific purposes, which will depend upon the author’s goal and target audience. Additionally, there are different levels of flexibility in formats depending upon the type of article written.

Featured articles tend to be for magazine publication. Web articles are for websites, blogs and social media. Research articles have a more defined and specific structure, whereas educational or informative articles have a flexible and creative outline. Prior to choosing the type of article to be written, decide what you are trying to convey and who your target audience is. This allows the writer to tailor the article complexity and depth.

Article example –

Biography – #6 on our list of types of medical writing

A biography or a bio sketch is a description of an individual’s life. Biographies are more detailed than a curriculum vitae because they portray an individual’s life experiences and effect on them as a person. A biography is more than just basic facts of an individual, but the complete picture of a person with their inner thoughts and personality quirks.

Biographies that are written by the individual themselves are called autobiographies. Science or medical bio sketches specifically seek to depict a scientist or physician’s work, thought leadership, scientific research, and medical endeavors. Biographies can also demonstrate how individuals went about solving a scientific problem or issue of their time, or even the challenges they had to overcome in order to obtain a certain level of scientific success. Scientific biographical information will also include necessary information about an individual’s awards, scientific achievements, and publications.

Biography example –

Blog Post – #7 on our list of types of medical writing

A blog post is a type of article that is posted on a blog. Blog articles are usually written in an informal style and typically do not have a well-defined structure. Most blogs will combine text, digital images, website hyperlinks, and other media into the post. Blogs often allow for readers to leave anonymous or signed comments under the post.

There are many subtypes of blogs depending upon the type of media utilized. Most blogs are text-based with other types of mediums integrated; however, there are also blogs that just consist of a video. These are called video blogs or vlogs. Audio blogs are called podcasts, and photograph blogs are called photoblogs.

Due to the informal nature of a blog, individuals post commentary about a variety of subjects. Depending on the type of blog, some may be more opinion based than factual.

Blog example –

Book – #8 on our list of types of medical writing

A book is a collection of written or visual work bound together, and it can be intellectually dense requiring a moderate amount of time to read. Often a book is an amalgamation of a specific topic or subject. Books are separated based on their content largely whether they are fiction or non-fiction.

In a medical and scientific setting, most books written are referenced material explaining some complex medical or scientific idea. Generally, the books written on medical and scientific topics are considered non-fiction. A book can exist as a single body of work, or as a component of a serial publication in a volume set.

Book designs tend to have a general structure which begins with a table of contents, introduction, and then the body of the book. As technology has improved, many hardcover and paperback books have been transitioned to an electronic format called, “e-book”.

Book example –

Booklet – #9 on our list of types of medical writing

A booklet is a specialized type of book that is characterized by its thin and brief content. A booklet is usually used as a program or marketing promotional material. Booklets have a small page count typically between 10 and 30 pages; hence, their sole purpose is usually to convey a single program or product.

Booklets are like brochures; nonetheless, booklets contain a bit more information than a brochure. A booklet is often easy to mail because of its small size, and this is the reason marketing departments rely on them for promotional purposes. These booklets are utilized to promote a new product, service, or potential item. In the scientific and medical field booklets are often used for specific information on a product or service.

Book Chapter – #10 on our list of types of medical writing

A book chapter is a component or a division of a book. A book may have several chapters or sections, which are then delineated by a specific topic. Books also may encompass a larger topic and subject; in comparison, the book chapters are specific components of that larger topic.

Since books are usually information-dense, book chapters allow an individual to read a specific section suited to their interest. In the medical and scientific field, a book chapter is often written by specialized individuals in that field. For example, a book on nanopharmaceuticals may have the chapters organized based on the different classes of pharmaceutical drugs. In this case, each chapter is written by a subject matter expert in that specific class of pharmaceutical drug.

Book chapter example –

Brochure – #11 on our list of types of medical writing

A brochure is typically an informative document about a specific product or service. A medical brochure usually describes a disease or ailment. This type of brochure will provide information on the facts of the disease, the signs and symptoms, treatment options, preventative efforts, and statistics on the disease.

The information in a brochure usually utilizes pictorial representations to relay messages in a user-friendly manner. A brochure is often a single page of material, sometimes folded in different ways such as bifold and trifold.

Case Report – #12 on our list of types of medical writing

A medical case report is a document which details the symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and signs of a patient. A case report is usually prepared to share clinical guidelines with the medical and scientific community. It is often that a case report is written to highlight some unexpected event or association between a patient and disease.

Additionally, medical case reports are commonly written to highlight a new perspective on the possible pathogenesis of a disease. Case reports typically lack statistical sampling because they are usually written to highlight something unexpected; therefore, case reports are considered anecdotal evidence.

They are helpful in the medical community because they may identify new potential mechanisms to treat diseases or even highlight adverse treatment effects. One of the key benefits of case reports is that it allows others in the scientific and medical community to generate different study hypotheses based on a possible connection or etiology of a disease.

Case report example –

Comment – #13 on our list of types of medical writing

A comment or commentary article is written to call attention to some political, ethical, or social issue present in scientific research. Oftentimes, comment pieces are highly provocative to spark discussion and act as a call to action. Comment pieces can range from discussing common statistical errors present in biological research to how governments and cities need to build stronger healthcare infrastructure to combat pandemics.

Comment example –

Compendium – #14 on our list of types of medical writing

A compendium is a collection of information about a specific body of knowledge. A medical compendium is usually written to highlight a specific medical practice, or innovative health technology. In science, a research compendium is often a document which contains a scientific publication in addition to the data and documentation needed to reproduce that entire scientific process.

Content – #15 on our list of types of medical writing

Content is slang for anything found on the internet – ranging from articles, blog posts and social media posts to e-books, white papers and videos.

Continuing Medical Education – #16 on our list of types of medical writing

CMEs or continuing medical education courses refers to any type of educational materials that licensed professionals in the medical field utilize to review existing information and learn new information. Healthcare professionals must continually learn as technology, research and guidelines change, and they can utilize CMEs to accomplish this task.

CMEs can be live in-person or virtual events, presentations, written publications, videos, demonstrations, documents, online courses and various other types of content. In the United States, it is required for medical professionals to take CME courses at certain intervals in order to maintain their medical licenses.

CME example –

E-Book – #17 on our list of types of medical writing

An e-book or electronic book is simply a book that is in a digital format. The only difference between an electronic book and a physical book is the medium utilized. An electronic book can be found on various types of electronic readers or PDF forms, and it can exist on its own without a physical equivalent. An electronic book has the advantage of not taking up the same amount of space as a physical book; additionally, electronic books utilize less resources than their physical counterparts.

E-book example –

Editorial – #18 on our list of types of medical writing

An editorial is a type of article that is written solely to inform or educate. Editorials are not written for any type of commercial intent, and they are often opinion pieces highlighting something specific. An editorial piece can be a comment on systemic issues in science, or how a pandemic has created issues in cancer prevention and prognosis.

Editorial example –

Email Template – #19 on our list of types of medical writing

An email template is a document that has a preformed style, layout, and text. A template is used when an individual has a common correspondence utilized often. By using a template, an individual can avoid typing, creating, and designing the same type of email each time. With a template, an individual can just change the necessary information that is subject matter specific.

Email templates are used frequently for marketing campaigns where newsletters, cold email introductions are sent out to a recipient list.

Email Series – #20 on our list of types of medical writing

An email series is an email that is sent out based on some predefined criteria. The emails are often sent out on some type of trigger or time-based criteria. An example of time-based criteria is when an email is sent out at 9:00 am every Friday. An example of trigger-based criteria is when an email is sent out after someone signs up for some type of trial or service.

Endorsement – #21 on our list of types of medical writing

An endorsement is a type of public approval, whether in support of a product, service, individual, organization, institution or idea. Many of our clients want a doctorate level medical scientist to review their product, service, business or idea and provide a written or video endorsement. A doctor endorsement for a medical or health-related product or service lends credibility.

Endorsement example –

Flyer – #22 on our list of types of medical writing

A flyer is a type of advertisement that is used to bring attention to an individual, business, organization, event or promotion. Flyers are usually a single page that uses pictorial representations to be highly effective.

Grant Proposal – #23 on our list of types of medical writing

A grant is a type of monetary fund that is distributed to an institution or individual for many different purposes. Scientific and medical research is often funded via grants, and they are normally obtained through a highly competitive process, in which proposals on different research projects are evaluated and the most promising one(s) wins the grant funding. Scientific grants are often given to a business, individual, educational institution, or non-profit organization from a government, corporation, or a foundation.

Grant proposal example –

Guide – #24 on our list of types of medical writing

A guide is a type of document that gives information, advice, instructions, or references. Two of the most common guides used in the medical and scientific community are user guides and reference guides. A user guide is written to give assistance to individuals using a system. For example, many scientific instruments come with a user guide to assist in their utilization and troubleshooting. A reference guide on the other hand is a detailed reference of any authors whose work was cited for a publication. There are also guides as website articles that are long compilations of how to do something.

Guide example –

Landing page – #25 on our list of types of medical writing

In the context of websites, a landing page is the destination page that appears after an individual click on a search engine link or advertisement. Landing pages are designed to be highly relevant, high quality, and satisfy the user’s intent. They are usually separate from a company’s main website and have a specific marketing purpose – usually to sell one product or service, driving the reader to buy, book an appointment or some other similar action.

Letter – #26 on our list of types of medical writing

A scientific letter is a short description of current research findings, and it is usually fast-tracked for publication because the information is considered urgent. For example, during the COVID-19 pandemic, many scientific letters were fast-tracked to disseminate new research findings out to the medical community. 

Letter example –

Long-Form Sales Letter – #27 on our list of types of medical writing

A long form sales letter is a very detailed and long sales letter that is utilized to entice individuals to purchase a product. A long form sales letter will explain the product or service in detail as well as all the benefits of the potential product or service. One of the key components of a long-form sales letter is the CTA or call to action, The call to action is the step that the marketing team would like the user to take, and it usually leads an individual to the link to purchase the product.

Long form sales letter example –

Meta-Analysis – #28 on our list of types of medical writing

A meta-analysis is a type of study design utilized to assess the results of previous scientific studies. A meta-analysis observes different types of scientific and medical studies that seek to answer or address the same question. A meta-analysis is utilized to bring about statistical significance to a group of studies that may have conflicting results.

Meta-analysis example –

Newsletter – #29 on our list of types of medical writing

A scientific newsletter is a type of report that contains relevant news about a scientific discipline or topic, which is disseminated to customers, members, employees, or other subscribers. For example, a newsletter could talk about recent advances in cancer research and treatments for Alzheimer’s. We write newsletter articles and content for all types of businesses in the medical, scientific and healthcare fields.

Newsletter example –

Opinion – #30 on our list of types of medical writing

A scientific opinion piece is a subjective viewpoint on an issue. Scientific opinion pieces are often published in highly respected scientific journals. Despite being a subjective opinion piece, these opinion pieces are still subject to peer review and professional editing. Most scientific opinion pieces are about a topic that has conflicting or uncertain origins, and there is no accepted scientific consensus. Scientific opinion pieces may also be at odds with the overall scientific consensus or current medical guidelines.

Opinion example –

Pamphlet – #31 on our list of types of medical writing

A pamphlet is a small unbound book that has at least five pages but no more than 48 pages. Pamphlets are used in many marketing operations because of their ease of distribution. A medical pamphlet is often utilized to give potential patients and customers necessary information about the business distributing it. Medical pamphlets provide information about the services a medical practice or medical health network provides, for example.

Patent Application – #32 on our list of types of medical writing

A patent application is a formal legal document that is used to request a patent for an invention. A patent application is divided up into many different types of applications each with their own unique benefits. There is a standard patent application, provisional patent application, continuation application, and divisional application. Central to a patent application is the patent specification; in fact, the patent specification details the specific invention and the scope of protection.

The patent specification will also include information on the background of the invention, a description, and a brief summary. Patent applications are submitted to a patent office and are published 18 months after the priority date of the application.

Patent application example –

Poster – #33 on our list of types of medical writing

A scientific or medical poster is a type of communication medium that relies on written information and visual aids combined with verbal presentation. These types of mediums are for a small group of people due to the size in range of poster view; therefore, these types of posters are often utilized at large scientific conferences to highlight specific research findings. Medical posters are designed to be highly informative and eye-catching.

Poster example –

PowerPoint Presentations – #34 on our list of types of medical writing

PowerPoint is a software presentation program that allows users to create slides for presentations. PowerPoint allows the integration of text, graphics, video, and audio to create innovative and informative presentations.

PowerPoint example –  

Product Description – #35 on our list of types of medical writing

A product description is a type of communication that explains what a product or service is, and why customers should purchase it. Product descriptions are the only medium of communication between a buyer and seller; therefore, product descriptions must be highly informative regarding features and benefits of a service/product. The goal of a product description is to compel an individual to buy a service or product.

Proposal – #36 on our list of types of medical writing

A scientific research proposal is a document that outlines the necessary steps of a proposed research idea. A research proposal outlines what the research is, how the research will be conducted. and why the research is important. A scientific research proposal will contain a title, abstract, introduction, literature review, research hypothesis, materials, methods, conclusions, and justifications.

A research proposal also helps an individual structure their proposed research. A grant proposal similarly outlines a project that the grant funding being applied for will be used to accomplish if awarded.

Proposal example –

Press Release – #37 on our list of types of medical writing

A press release is a short official statement that is delivered to the public for the purpose of providing information, and it can also be used to make an announcement that is relevant to an organization. A press release is often short, succinct, and written in everyday language. Since a press release is about providing information to the public, it is necessary to avoid overly technical terminology.

A press release is utilized to announce new products, services, events, organizational partnerships, executive promotions, awards, clinical trials, clinical trial successes, drug formulations hitting the market, FDA approvals, mergers, and acquisitions.

Press release example –

Protocol – #38 on our list of types of medical writing

A scientific protocol is a written procedure that is utilized in the implementation and design of an experiment. A protocol will explain step by step how to do a particular laboratory method to ensure replication of results. A protocol is necessary so that an experiment can be reviewed through a peer-review process.

Protocols will detail the equipment and experiments utilized, the study objectives, any potential organisms or animal models utilized, safety precautions, and statistical analysis. The protocol will also explain how the results were collected and calculated. Finally, protocols help organizations remain consistent with a specified standard to ensure safety and accurate results.

Protocol example –

Publication Roundup – #39 on our list of types of medical writing

A research roundup or pub roundup, as it sometimes called, is a document or press release that highlights new research that has been conducted in an area by individuals in that organization. For example, in many research departments, there will be a monthly research roundup which highlights relevant research in that area or research that has been done by faculty, graduate students, or postdocs at that specific institution.

Publication roundup example –

Report – #40 on our list of types of medical writing

A scientific report is a document that explains an outcome of a research or scientific problem. A scientific report will guide the reader through why the research was done, the purpose of the research, and the methods utilized in any discussion of the results. The typical structure of a scientific report has a title, abstract, introduction, experimental design, results, conclusion, discussion, and references, and it allows individuals to replicate the experiment if necessary or critique any components of the study design.

A medical report differs from a scientific report in that a medical report covers a person’s clinical history. A medical report will also include lab test results, medical images, history of treatments, documentation of different diagnosis, documentation of medications, history of hospitalization, and physical and mental examinations. There are many types of reports we have written for different types of organizations.

Report example –

Review – #41 on our list of types of medical writing

A scientific review is an article that assess the current knowledge of a field or topic. Usually reviews compile knowledge from no more than 5 years ago. A review can also serve as the starting point for individuals trying to learn about a topic because the reviewer will summarize the research. A review usually has between 50 to 150 sources, with majority of those being new sources to be reviewed and highlighted.

Review example –

Safety Policy – #42 on our list of types of medical writing

A safety policy is an organization’s statement that they are committed to the health and safety of their employees. A safety policy includes how to safely handle different chemical and controlled substances, delegation and responsibility of authority, the necessary workplace training, what to do in the event of an accident, risk assessments, and steps to maintain the maintenance of different equipment. Occupational health and safety acts require all employers to implement a safety policy.

Safety policy example –

Slide Deck – #43 on our list of types of medical writing

Slide deck is a collection of slides that have a consistent format, and they are listed together to tell a narrative. A slide is a single page of a PowerPoint presentation. Slide deck is just slang for a PowerPoint presentation that has a sales pitch.

Slide deck example –

Systematic Review – #44 on our list of types of medical writing

Systematic review aims to identify relevant medical studies that deal with a health issue and critically evaluate the studies. A systematic review is a literature review that is often so in depth that it is quicker starting a completely different study. These types of study provide a complete summary of current evidence around a health or medical issue.

Systematic review example –

Thought Leadership Piece – #45 on our list of types of medical writing

A thought leader is an individual or organization that has specialized recognition in a field. A thought leader is usually sought out for their expertise. A thought leadership piece is an article, blog post or some other document with some novelty to it and in-depth knowledge about ideas in its field.

Technical Sheets – #46 on our list of types of medical writing

Technical sheets or technical data sheets are data that is used to provide necessary information about a product or service. A technical data sheet is usually written by a manufacturer to help individuals become familiar with a product and its specifications.

Video Script – #47 on our list of types of medical writing

A video script is a layout of the scenes, action, and dialogue in a video. A video script is helpful in order to structure a video and not begin filming haphazardly. Prior to writing the actual visual script, you must identify your audience, the goals, the character, and the purpose of the video.

Video script example –

Video Sales Letter (VSL) – #48 on our list of types of medical writing

A video sales letter is a video that is used to persuade an audience to purchase a product or service. Video sales letters are like a written sales letter, except they are in video format. It is often preferential to utilize a video sales letter compared to a written sales letter due to the visual aspect of the medium. It is important to capture the audience’s interest in the first 30 seconds of the visual because it is difficult to skip around a video for necessary information compared to skimming a written sales letter.

Webinar – #49 on our list of types of medical writing

A webinar is a live seminar given online. Attendees join via the internet using their browser or a video conferencing software like WebEx, Zoom or Meet. A webinar is slightly different from a webcast in that a webinar usually requires joining some organization or signing up for the webinar to get the login information; whereas, with a webcast, individuals can join immediately from their web browser without any necessary downloads or sign ups. 

Webinar example –

White Paper – #50 on our list of types of medical writing

A white paper is a type of document or report that seeks to inform about a specific topic or issue. A white paper is slightly different from a scientific research paper in that a white paper is usually written by a company or organization. Typically, with a white paper the subject matter can be subjective due to the individual writing about a topic from the angle of the company they work for.

The goal of a white paper is largely persuasive, sometimes with a full sales pitch and call to action. A white paper usually has a sales motive, and it persuades the reader to reach a specific conclusion based on the angle that it was written. White papers are helpful specifically when customers want to compare a few types of products or services. The information in the white paper is true and factual; however, it is written with persuasive intent.

White paper example –

Medical Journals
Manuscripts Medical Writing

Top 25 Prestigious Medical Journals

There are many medical and scientific journals. For any area of specialty or field of study, there are most likely multiple publications competing for the title of “go to” authority. So when you are picking out a journal, whether it is as a credible source or as a place to publish your own research, it can be tough to pick the right one. However, over time, certain publications have risen above the rest. We can call these “prestigious” medical journals.

“Prestige” simply means that a particular institution is held in high regard. While an NFL team may have many pro-bowl players or a movie might win a slew of awards, in the world of scientific publishing prestige is generally measured by a score called “impact factor”. Impact factor, basically, means that the work within a particular publication has been referenced by other works in the field. This can be taken as a rough approximation of the journal’s influence, or impact, on the community at large.

Here is a list of some of the most prestigious medical journals, sorted by their most recent impact factor.

1) CA – A Cancer Journal for Clinicians


Impact Factor: 223.679


Description: CA is an oncology journal that has been published for the American Cancer society since the 1950s. It is a bimonthly peer-reviewed medical journal published by Wiley-Blackwell. The journal covers aspects of cancer research on diagnosis, therapy, and prevention.

2) New England Journal of Medicine

ISSN: 0028-4793

Impact Factor: 74.699


Description: The New England Journal of Medicine is the queen of all general medical journals. It is a weekly medical journal published by the Massachusetts Medical Society. It is among the most prestigious peer-reviewed medical journals as well as the oldest continuously published one.

3) The Lancet

The Lancet

ISSN: 0140-6736

Impact Factor: 60.392 


Description: For the last 197 years, The Lancet has been publishing top tier scientific medical research with the simple goal of improving human lives. It is a weekly peer-reviewed general medical journal. It is among the world’s oldest and best-known general medical journals.

4) Nature Reviews Clinical Oncology

nature reviews clinical oncology

ISSN: 1759-4782

Impact Factor: 53.276


Description: Nature Reviews Clinical Oncology publishes up-to-date summaries of the state of cancer research intended for advanced medical audiences.Basically, it is a peer-reviewed journal for oncologists. The journal was renamed from Nature Clinical Practice Oncology in April 2009. Nature Reviews Clinical Oncology is one of eight Clinical Review journals published by the Nature Publishing Group.

5) Nature Reviews Cancer

nature cancer

ISSN: 1474-175X

Impact Factor: 53.030


Description: Nature Reviews Cancer publishes articles on the modern study of cancer intended for a broad readership. It is still mainly focused on oncologists.

6) Nature Reviews Immunology

ISSN: 1474-1741

Impact Factor: 44.019


Description: Nature Reviews publishes comprehensive surveys of research on all levels of immune response studies. It is a monthly review journal covering the field of immunology. The journal also publishes “Research highlight” articles, which are short summaries written by the editors that describe recent hot research papers.

7) Nature

nature - international journal of science

ISSN: 1476-4687

Impact Factor: 42.778


Description: Nature is a British weekly scientific journal founded and based in London, England. As a multidisciplinary publication, Nature features peer-reviewed research from a variety of academic disciplines, mainly in science, technology, and the natural sciences.

8) Nature Reviews Disease Primers

ISSN:     2056-676X

Impact Factor: 40.689


Description: Nature Reviews Disease Primers publishes introductory articles outlining medicine’s current understanding of any one, specific condition from any medical field. Basically, it is a peer-reviewed medical journal publishing broad review articles about disease areas, offering a global overview of the field and outlining “key open research questions”. 

9) World Psychiatry

World Psychiatry

ISSN: 1723-8617

Impact Factor: 40.595


Description: As the official journal of the world psychiatric organization, World Psychiatry aims to communicate significant psychological research findings to the world. It is the official publication of the World Psychiatric Association. It is published by Wiley-Blackwell and the Editor-in-chief is Mario Maj.

10) Cell


ISSN: 1097-4172

Impact Factor: 38.637


Description: Cell is a peer-reviewed scientific journal publishing research papers across a broad range of disciplines within the life sciences.

11) Nature Medicine

Nature Medicine

ISSN: 1078-8956

Impact Factor: 36.130


Description: Nature Medicine focuses on publishing the evidence for and impact of cutting-edge insight into disease processes. It is a monthly peer-reviewed medical journal publishing research articles, reviews, news and commentaries in the biomedical area, including both basic research and early-phase clinical research covering all aspects of medicine.

12) Nature Reviews Microbiology

nature reviews microbiology

ISSN: 1740-1534

Impact Factor: 34.209


Description: Nature Reviews Microbiology publishes work on the current state of the field of microbiology intended for the widest possible readership.It is a peer-reviewed review journal published by the Nature Publishing Group. It publishes reviews and perspectives on microbiology, bridging fundamental research and its clinical, industrial, and environmental applications.

13) The Lancet Oncology

The Lancet Oncology

ISSN: 1470-2045

Impact Factor: 33.752


Description: The Lancet Oncology specializes in clinical oncology and pays special attention to articles that suggest changes in cancer treatment best practices.

14) Nature Reviews Genetics

Nature Reviews Genetics


Impact Factor: 33.133


Description: Nature Reviews Genetics is a journal of reviews covering the latest advances in the expansive field of genetics. It is a monthly review journal in genetics and covers the full breadth of modern genetics. The journal publishes review and perspective articles written by experts in the field subject to peer review and copy editing to provide authoritative coverage of topics.

15) Journal of Clinical Oncology 

Journal of Clinical Oncology


Impact Factor: 32.956


Description: The Journal of Clinical Oncology publishes any and all top-tier cancer research. It is a peer-reviewed medical journal published 3 times a month by the American Society of Clinical Oncology. It covers research on all aspects of clinical oncology. All articles older than one year are freely available online.

16) The Lancet Neurology

The Lancet Neurology

ISSN: 1474-4465

Impact Factor: 30.039


Description: The Lancet Neurology publishes reviews and cutting-edge articles on any topic in the field of neurology.

17) Cancer Cell

Cancer Cell

ISSN: 1535-6108

Impact Factor: 26.602


Description: Cancer Cell publishes advances in traditional and translational oncological research at the cellular level. It is a peer-reviewed scientific journal published by Cell Press. It covers all aspects of cancer research at the cellular-level. The journal was established in February 2002 and the editor-in-chief is Li-Kuo Su. 

18) Physiological Reviews

Psyhological Reviews

ISSN: 1522-1210

Impact Factor: 25.588


Description: Physiological Reviews publishes comprehensive, timely reviews on a wide variety of topics in the field of medical physiology.

19) The Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology

The Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology

ISSN: 2213-8595

Impact Factor: 25.340


Description: The Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology publishes articles outlining ongoing work in the field of endocrinology.

20) The Lancet Infectious Diseases

The Lancet Infectious Diseases

ISSN: 1474-4457 

Impact Factor: 24.446


Description: The Lancet Infectious Disease publishes nearly any information that might be of interest to clinicians involved in the study of infectious disease.

21) Accounts of Chemical Research

Accounts of Chemical Research

ISSN: 0001-4842

Impact Factor: 21.661


Description: Accounts of Chemical Research features to-the-point descriptions of laboratory chemical research.

22) Immunity


ISSN: 1097-4180

Impact Factor: 21.522


Description: Immunity publishes any high quality research that pertains to the field of immunology.

23) Annual Review of Immunology

Annual Review of Immunology

ISSN: 1545-3278

Impact Factor: 20.760


Description: Annual Review of Immunology concentrates on the human immune system and its response to a wide variety of challenges.

24) Journal of the American College of Cardiology



Impact Factor: 18.639

Description: The JACC publishes research pertaining to pathologies of the heart and circulatory system.

25) Acta Neuropathologica

Acta Neuropathologica


ISSN: 0001-6322

Impact Factor: 18.174

Description: Acta Neuropathologica strives to publish the very best, well-validated neurological disease research available.

Medicine, science, journals
Manuscripts Medical Writing

43 Medical and Scientific Journals for Publishing Simple Studies

Many of our clients ask us for a list of journals for publishing simple studies so that they can quickly get published. They are looking for a few things in a journal – it publishes simple studies or simple case reports, has fast review times, a high acceptance rate, usually a low impact factor, it is open access. We could not find such a list anywhere, so we compiled our own. This list encompasses many disciplinary areas since we have clients with dietary supplements, functional foods, simple medical devices, startup biotechs, and simple health and wellness inventions.

Our List of Journals for Publishing Simple Studies

Journal of Biomedical Sciences

Approx. Time to Publication: ~ 1 month. Article published exactly 15 days after acceptance

Acceptance rate: —
Impact factor:  1.9
Open Access: Yes


Journal of Biomedical Sciences is an open-access journal that publishes articles in the area of Biochemistry, Biomedical sciences, Biotechnology, Microbiology, Molecular biology, Genetics and many others. 

2. Journal of Biomedical Science

Approx. Time to Publication: 125 days from submission to publication

Acceptance rate: —
Impact factor:  5.2
Open Access: Yes


Journal of Biomedical Science is an open-access journal that publishes articles that describe the fundamental and molecular aspects of basic medical sciences. This journal places emphasize on molecular studies and molecular mechanisms of different biomedical problems.

3. Translational Biomedicine

Approx. Time to Publication: 1 month. Article published exactly 15 days after acceptance

Acceptance rate: —
Impact factor: 1.12
Open Access: Yes


Translational Biomedicine is an open access journal that publishes science research with a focus on scientific discovery and health improvement.

4. Journal of Clinical Medicine

Approx. Time to Publication: ~21 days
Acceptance rate: 32%
Impact factor: 5.68
Open Access: Yes


Journal of Clinical Medicine is an international journal with a focus on advances in health care and clinical practices

5. Medical Physics

Approx. Time to Publication: Depends. Wiley has a rapid publication system via “Wiley’s Early View Service” which can accelerate time of publication

Acceptance rate: —
Impact factor: 3.177
Open Access: No


Medical Physics is an international journal focusing on publishing original research in the realm of physics, imaging science and engineering with a focus on advances in patient diagnosis and therapy.

6. Biofactors

Approx. Time to Publication: Depends. Wiley has a rapid publication system via “Wiley’s Early View Service” which can accelerate time of publication

Acceptance rate: —
Impact factor: 3.598
Open Access: No


Biofactors is the publication of the International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (IUBMB). This journal focuses on research dealing with the identification of new substances and determining how their functions relate at the biochemical and cellular level.

7. Therapeutic Advances in Chronic Disease

Approx. Time to Publication: ~ 60 days

Acceptance rate: —
Impact factor: 4.455
Open Access: Yes


Therapeutic Advances in Chronic Disease is an open access journal which focuses on high impact scientific studies with a strong clinical and pharmacological emphasis across different chronic diseases.

8. Cancer Science

Approx. Time to Publication: ~ 26 days
Acceptance rate: —
Impact factor: 4.751
Open Access: Yes


Cancer Science is an open access journal with an emphasis on research with the potential to alter the disease concept of a tumor and focuses on basic, translational and clinical cancer research.

9. Journal of Personalized Medicine

Approx. Time to Publication: ~ 24 days
Acceptance rate: 47%
Impact factor: 4.433
Open Access: Yes


Journal of Personalized Medicine is an open access journal that focuses on presenting different aspects of personalized medicine to readers. This journal publishes innovative technologies in the area of precision medicine, systems biology and pharmacogenomics.

10. Biomedicines

Approx. Time to Publication: ~ 18 days
Acceptance rate: 43%
Impact factor: 4.717
Open Access: Yes


Biomedicines is an open access journal that focuses on different aspects of human health which include therapeutic strategies and disease. The topics range from targeted therapy, gene therapy, nanobiotechnology, vaccines and nano-biosimilars

11. Genes and Nutrition

Approx. Time to Publication: ~ 5 months
Acceptance rate: —
Impact factor: 4.258
Open Access: Yes


Genes and Nutrition is an open access journal that focuses on finding links between genetics and nutrition, with the intent to improve human health.

12. International Journal of Molecular Sciences

Approx. Time to Publication: ~ 16 days
Acceptance rate: 41%
Impact factor: 4.556
Open Access: Yes


International Journal of Molecular Sciences is an open access journal that presents molecular studies research in biology and chemistry, with a focus and emphasis on molecular medicine.

13. Metabolites

Approx. Time to Publication: ~ 20 days
Acceptance rate: 69%
Impact factor: 4.097
Open Access: Yes


Metabolites is an open access journal that focuses on research in various molecular aspects of metabolism. This journal publishes original research in the area of metabolomics, biotechnology, medicine, and small molecule biomarkers.

14. Frontiers in Pharmacology

Approx. Time to Publication: —
Acceptance rate: —
Impact factor: 4.225
Open Access: Yes


Frontiers in Pharmacology is an open access journal that publishes research in the areas of basic and clinical pharmacology, medicinal chemistry and toxicology.

15. Nanotheranostics

Approx. Time to Publication: ~ 20 days
Acceptance rate: 69%
Impact factor: 4.097
Open Access: Yes


Nanotheranostics is an open access journal that publishes research in the realm of nanotechnology that focuses on diagnostics and therapy for different diseases. This includes research into nanomedicine, nanoimaging, drug delivery and nanoelectronic biosensors

16. Nutrition and Dietary Supplements

Approx. Time to Publication: ~ 2 months
Acceptance rate: 35%
Impact factor: 0.50
Open Access: Yes


Nutrition and Dietary Supplements is an open access journal that focuses on nutritional requirements in health and disease research. Additionally, the journal publishes research that seeks to identify the optimal use of supplements and dietary strategies for growth and development.

17. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine

Approx. Time to Publication: —
Acceptance rate: —
Impact factor: 2.109
Open Access: No


Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine is a journal that focuses on providing research that integrates complementary and alternative medical practices into the mainstream.

18. Clinical Case Studies

Approx. Time to Publication: —
Acceptance rate: —
Impact factor: 0.817
Open Access: No


Clinical Case Studies is a journal that focuses on innovative psychotherapy case studies that deal with individual, couples or family therapy.

19. Journal of Nutrition

Approx. Time to Publication: —
Acceptance rate: —
Impact factor: 4.281
Open Access: No


Journal of Nutrition is a journal that publishes research covering many different aspects of experimental nutrition research in humans and other animal species.

20. Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine

Approx. Time to Publication: —
Acceptance rate: —
Impact factor: 2.1
Open Access: Yes


The Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine is an open-access journal that focuses on herbal medicine, and traditional medicine.

21. CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics

Approx. Time to Publication: —
Acceptance rate: —
Impact factor: 4.074
Open Access: No


CNS Neuroscience and Therapeutics is a journal that focuses on publishing original research in the area of central nervous system therapeutics. The focus is on clinical conditions such as stroke, Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, depression, schizophrenia, epilepsy, and drug abuse.

22. Drug Metabolism Reviews

Approx. Time to Publication: —
Acceptance rate: —
Impact factor: 3.956
Open Access: Yes


Drug Metabolism Reviews is a journal that provides in depth reviews on topics ranging from potential drugs, environmentally toxic chemicals, absorption, metabolism and excretion, and enzymology.

23. Biomedical Journal

Approx. Time to Publication: —
Acceptance rate: —
Impact factor: 3.697
Open Access: Yes


Biomedical Journal is a journal that publishes research in all fields of clinical and biomedical sciences. Clinical trials, biomarker studies and characterization of human pathogens are some of the topics covered by this journal.

24. Molecular Medicine

Approx. Time to Publication: 4 months
Acceptance rate: —
Impact factor: 4.096
Open Access: Yes


Molecular Medicine is an open access journal that presents research on the molecular and cellular mechanisms of disease pathogenesis.

25. Journal of Translational Medicine

Approx. Time to Publication: 134 days
Acceptance rate: —
Impact factor: 4.124
Open Access: Yes


Journal of Translational Medicine is an open access journal that serves as a link between basic and clinical science. The journal covers varies aspects of translational medicine but have several specialized sections including, but not limited to, cancer microenvironment, cell/gene therapy and immunobiology.

26. BioMolecular Concepts

Approx. Time to Publication: 4 months
Acceptance rate: —
Impact factor: 1.011
Open Access: Yes


BioMolecular concepts is an open access journal that publishes research across different fields of biomolecular research which includes, but not limited to, biochemistry, plant biology, molecular medicine and neuroscience.

27. Molecular Therapy – Oncolytics

Approx. Time to Publication: 4 – 5 months
Acceptance rate: —
Impact factor: 4.115
Open Access: Yes


Molecular Therapy – Oncolytics is an open access journal a part of the “molecular therapy” family of journals which focuses on the development and clinical testing of different therapies which target cancer.

28. Nanomedicine

Approx. Time to Publication: 2 months
Acceptance rate: —
Impact factor: 4.300
Open Access: No


Nanomedicine is a journal focused on the medical aspects of the challenges related to nanoscale-structured material and devices, biotechnology devices and molecular machine systems and nanorobotics.

29. Journal of Natural Products

Approx. Time to Publication: —
Acceptance rate: —
Impact factor: 3.779
Open Access: No


Journal of Natural Products is a journal that publishes research in the area of biochemistry and chemistry of naturally occurring compounds.

30. Therapeutic Advances in Drug Safety

Approx. Time to Publication: —
Acceptance rate: —
Impact factor: 3.463
Open Access: Yes


Therapeutic Advances in Drug Safety is an open access journal that publishes original research articles around the safety and use of drugs in patients.

31. Advances in Therapy

Approx. Time to Publication: 6 weeks
Acceptance rate: —
Impact factor: 3.871
Open Access: No


Advances in therapy is a journal which publishes clinical observational, real-world, and health outcomes research that revolves around the area of therapeutics, pharmacoeconomics, public health, epidemiology, quality of life, and patient care.

32. Wounds

Approx. Time to Publication: 4 months
Acceptance rate: —
Impact factor: 0.97
Open Access: No


Wounds is a peer-reviewed journal that accepts research articles and commentaries on tissue repair and regeneration, wound healing, and clinical wound management.

33. Advances in Skin & Wound Care

Approx. Time to Publication: 4 months
Acceptance rate: —
Impact factor: 1.088
Open Access: Yes


Advances in Skin & Wound Care is a balanced journal with original research and clinical articles which focus on wounds and skin integrity.

34. Journal of Wound Care

Approx. Time to Publication: 2-3 months
Acceptance rate: 44%
Impact factor: 1.205
Open Access: No


JWC published primary research and clinical articles pertaining to tissue viability.

35. Journal of Nursing Care Quality

Approx. Time to Publication: —
Acceptance rate: —
Impact factor: 1.224
Open Access: yes


This journal is geared toward all nurses in care quality programs and focuses on concepts and applications in the practice. 

36. Journal of Tissue Viability

Approx. Time to Publication: 2-3 months
Acceptance rate: —
Impact factor: 1.263
Open Access: Yes


Journal of Tissue Viability encompasses all factors of wound care including patient care, pain, nutrition, wound healing, research, prevention, mobility, social problems and management.

37. Nurse Education in Practice

Approx. Time to Publication: —
Acceptance rate: —
Impact factor: 1.314
Open Access: Yes


The journal publishes articles that are focused on combining education and nursing practice.

38. Journal of Wound, Ostomy and Continence Nursing 

Approx. Time to Publication: —
Acceptance rate: —
Impact factor: 1.359
Open Access: Yes


The official journal of the WOCN professional nursing society publishes the most current research in the field.

39. Critical Care Nurse

Approx. Time to Publication: —
Acceptance rate: —
Impact factor: 1.608
Open Access: No


The CCN journal publishes primary research and information regarding bedside care of critically ill patients.

40. International Journal of Molecular Sciences

Approx. Time to Publication: 2-3 months
Acceptance rate: 80%
Impact factor: 3.226
Open Access: Yes


The IJMS publishes research articles focused on molecular chemistry.

41. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

Approx. Time to Publication: 2 months
Acceptance rate: —
Impact factor: 3.289
Open Access: Yes


This journal publishes both peer reviewed research articles and case reports that are focused on physical medicine and rehabilitation.

42. Journal of Dermatological Science

Approx. Time to Publication: 2-3 months
Acceptance rate: —
Impact factor: 3.733
Open Access: No


JDS aims to promote molecular and clinical research in the field of dermatology.

43. International Journal of Nursing Studies

Approx. Time to Publication: 1 month
Acceptance rate: —
Impact factor: 3.755
Open Access: Yes


The IJNS publishes a wide array of articles pertaining to methods utilized in nursing, midwifery and other health care positions.

We of course can help find a journal for publishing your simple study if none of these are a good fit for you. Also, if you need help writing analyzing your data, writing your paper, formatting it to the journal’s specifications and submitting it to the journal, contact us for help with that too.

Virtual Medical and Scientific Conferences
Events News

50 Upcoming Virtual Medical and Scientific Conferences

Many of us are missing the annual medical and scientific conferences and events we usually attend. Those of you who would rather learn, share and network virtually now for safety, there are now many virtual medical and scientific conferences and events. Here are just a few. We will continue to add to this list as we find more. Let us know if there are any virtual conferences you know of and we will add them.

Upcoming Online Virtual Medical and Scientific Conferences We Found

BioTech Week Boston

Biotech Week Boston image

Dates:  September 21-24, 2020


Description: In 2020 Biotech Week Boston events will be taking place digitally, but rest assured, Biotech Week Boston is still dedicated to accelerating the business of biotechnology through new ideas, science, technology and partnerships to make a positive impact on patient health.

You’ll find thought-leaders and potential partners from discovery, financing, manufacturing, clinical trials, who can help drive you closer to success. It’s an unparalleled opportunity to network with and do business with those who are shaping our industry’s future, from researchers and investors, to CEOs and founders.

This is a group of 15 virtual medical and scientific conferences and events you can register for.

Price: $0 – $2,199

Registration Link: (many events to choose from and then click Book Now)


Bio Impact image

Dates:  September 21-22, 2020


Description: To overcome today’s global challenges—and set forth towards a sustainable future—we must embrace the key role biotechnology plays in protecting our planet’s resources, driving a strong economy and improving people’s lives. From innovations in food and on the farm, to biobased manufacturing and green energy breakthroughs, advances in biotechnology bring solutions to challenges facing agriculture and the environment.

BIO IMPACT brings together global leaders working to address today’s global challenges for two days of education, networking and BIO One-on-One Partnering™.

Price: $400

Registration Link:

The Xcelerate Keynote Series at Biotech Week Boston

Xcelerate Keynote Series image

Dates:  September 21, 2020


Description: Presented by Xconomy, the 100% digital Xcelerate Keynote Series at Biotech Week Boston on Monday, Sept. 21 places a spotlight on life science leaders who are breaking new ground with methods and solutions in R&D, planning, and production that are improving patient outcomes. As the industry navigates uncertainty, the keynote speakers will share insights on how their sectors are adapting to challenges, combating disruptive forces, and preparing for what the future may hold.

This is one of the 15 virtual medical and scientific conferences and events in the Biotech Week Boston listed above.

Price: $203.97

Registration Link:


Magnus group image

Dates:  September 21-22, 2020


Description: Magnus Group is privileged to invite you to participate in PHARMA VIRTUAL 2020 with the theme: “To Foster the Strategies of Pharmaceutics and Novel Drug Delivery Systems” scheduled on September 21-22, 2020.

It is designed to serve as a virtual online platform for the speakers to showcase their highly insightful research work, knowledge from the field of Pharmaceutics and Novel Drug Delivery to the audience and participants. In this peak time of struggle, our aim is to bring global scientists/researchers to one platform to share updated information regarding the pharmaceutical sciences. Includes lectures and Talks by eminent personalities from around the world in addition to contributed papers.

Price: $299

Registration Link:

Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Engineering

Dates:  September 21-22, 2020


Description: Conference Series LLC LTD cordially invites all participants across the globe to attend the International Conference on Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Engineering Biomedical 2020 which is going to be held during September 21-22, 2020 in Barcelona, Spain to share the Recent Innovations in Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Engineering and technology.

The subject of the conference is “Recent Advancement in Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Engineering”. This conference focus is on expanding its coverage in the zone of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Engineering where expert talks, young researchers presentations will be placed in every session of the meeting to inspire and drive your passion. We feel our master Organizing Committee is our major resource; however, your presence will add one or more quill to the top of Biomedical 2020.

It is designed to serve as a virtual online platform for the speakers to showcase their highly insightful research work, knowledge from the field of Pharmaceutics and Novel Drug Delivery to the audience and participants. In this peak time of struggle, our aim is to bring global scientists/researchers to one platform to share updated information regarding the pharmaceutical sciences. Includes lectures and Talks by eminent personalities from around the world in addition to contributed papers.

Price: $1,099

Registration Link:

The Boston Biotech Business Development Conference

Boston CEO&BD image

Dates:  September 22, 2020


Description: “Conference discuss about the investment in the life sciences.”

Boston Biotech Business Development Conference is an invitation-only, off-the-record forum that brings together senior-level biopharma executives to network and share insights on the business challenges and opportunities impacting the industry.

This is one of the 15 virtual medical and scientific conferences and events in the Biotech Week Boston listed above.

Price: $1,099

Registration Link:

DPharm: Disruptive Innovations US

Dpharm image

Dates:  September 22-23, 2020


Description: DPHARM is the conference that challenges and reports on innovation to shake up the way we do clinical trials to reduce patient/physician burden and drive greater efficiencies. We challenge how we want clinical trials to look by 2030 and share examples from those who are doing something about it. We highlight major opportunities to fundamentally change how clinical trials are operationalized going forward.

Price: $650

Registration Link:

Rock Health Summit

Rock Health Summit image

Dates:  September 22-23, 2020


Description:Rock Health Summit is a two-day digital health conference that brings together diverse minds from technology, medicine, policy, and beyond for the most inspired and informed conversations in healthcare.

With informed discussions from the most innovative minds in healthcare and technology and data-driven insights from Rock Health’s industry-leading research, attendees will leave empowered and inspired to effect change. Attendees will also have the opportunity to forge meaningful connections with individuals and organizations committed to producing impact-driven solutions. From curated networking sessions to seamless meeting scheduling, you’ll be a part of one of the strongest communities in digital health.

With the health and safety of our community in mind, Rock Health Summit 2020 will be a virtual experience.

Price: $390

Registration Link:

Nutrition and Food Chemistry

Nutrition and Food Chemistry

Dates:  September 23-24, 2020


Description:Food Chemistry Conferences Committee extends its welcome to 19th World Congress on Nutrition and Food Chemistry during September 23-24, 2020 Webinar with a theme “Exploring the Novel trends of nutrition & food”. Participating at Nutri-Food Chemistry 2020 will provide a amazing chance to communicate with world-class Nutrition Specialists and Food chemists and Clinical Nutritionists, Dieticians, Experts in the field making a channel for collaborations then partnerships.

Conference Series llc LTD organizes 1000+ Global events every year across USA, Europe, & Asia-pacific regions with provision from more than 1000 more scientific societies and publishes 700+ Open access journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, fictional scientists as editorial board members and reviewers.

Price: $919

Registration Link:

International Conference on Health Policy and Management

International Conference on Health Policy and Management

Dates:  September 24-25, 2020


Description:The International Research Conference is a federated organization dedicated to bringing together a significant number of diverse scholarly events for presentation within the conference program. Events will run over a span of time during the conference depending on the number and length of the presentations. With its high quality, it provides an exceptional value for students, academics and industry researchers.

Price: $583.92

Registration Link:

International Conference on Public Health Engineering and Applications

International Conference on Health Policy and Management

Dates:  September 24-25, 2020


Description: ICPHEA 2020: 14. International Conference on Public Health Engineering and Applications aims to bring together leading academic scientists, researchers and research scholars to exchange and share their experiences and research results on all aspects of Public Health Engineering and Applications. It also provides a premier interdisciplinary platform for researchers, practitioners and educators to present and discuss the most recent innovations, trends, and concerns as well as practical challenges encountered and solutions adopted in the fields of Public Health Engineering and Applications

Price: $583.92

Registration Link:

International Conference on Renewable Energy for Healthcare

International Conference on Health Policy and Management

Dates:  September 24-25, 2020


Description: ICREH 2020: 14. International Conference on Renewable Energy for Healthcare aims to bring together leading academic scientists, researchers and research scholars to exchange and share their experiences and research results on all aspects of Renewable Energy for Healthcare. It also provides a premier interdisciplinary platform for researchers, practitioners and educators to present and discuss the most recent innovations, trends, and concerns as well as practical challenges encountered and solutions adopted in the fields of Renewable Energy for Healthcare

Price: $583.92

Registration Link:

Natural Products and Medicinal Plants Research

Natural products and Medicinal Plants

Dates:  September 25-26, 2020


Description:Conference Series LLC Ltd welcomes you to attend the Natural Products and Medicinal Plants Conference to be held in Montreal, Canada on September 25- September 26, 2020. The theme for the conference this year is Transforming Future of Natural Products and Medicinal Plants.

Price: $1,299

Registration Link:

Biotherapeutics Analytical Summit.

Dates: September 29, 2020


Description: As we face the unprecedented task of fighting this pandemic, we at CHI strongly believe that our community’s collective expertise will lead to our success in overcoming it.

CHI is proud to be a leader in developing the pathways that spark research innovations, and in connecting the people who drive them, by presenting real-time research and technologies, novel discoveries and best practices from industry front runners and biotherapeutics leaders.

We’re entering a new era of discovery and finding new ways to connect scientists to innovation. Join your peers at this one-day virtual summit, where leaders in biotherapeutics discovery share insights and experiences, and help turn the gears of innovation to speed development.

Price: $999

Registration Link:

Health 2.0 Conference

Dates: September 29, 2020


Description: Introducing the Accelerate Health Digital Series. A five-part bimonthly series of live-streamed discussions around innovation. The Accelerate Health Digital Series explores bold insights and solutions to transform care delivery and drive what’s next for health. Join disruptors and thought leaders for interactive bimonthly discussions that examine big ideas and ask hard questions to propel healthcare innovation forward.

Get inspiration and ideas from industry experts on the front line of innovation

Have honest discussions about what’s working to advance care delivery—and what’s not

Make meaningful connections and partnerships as you tackle real health issues with patient-focused results

Connect with other healthcare innovators in an immersive, state-of-the-art platform.

Price: $175

Registration Link:

Pharma CI USA Conference And Exhibition

Dates: September 29, 2020


Description: The best and largest assembly of competitive intelligence executives in pharma, biotech and medical devices for 10+ years.

Price: $495

Registration Link:

Patient Experience Symposium 2020

Dates: September 30 – October 2, 2020


Description: New for 2020 is our unique digital experience that will bring together senior-level healthcare professionals across the healthcare spectrum who are responsible for patient experience outcomes. The agenda includes special programming for healthcare executives, administrators, health IT experts, clinical trial operators, physicians and nurse leaders.

Each year, we carefully develop a program that meets the trends and pain points in patient experience. Our distinguished faculty provide insights into how patient experience impacts both quality and economic improvements, what role leadership plays in creating the right culture for patient-centered care, and how to identify, evaluate and prioritize innovations that can quickly touch the lives of patients and practitioners.

The Patient Experience Symposium fulfills the requirement for Continuing Education Units (CEUs).

Price: $595

Registration Link:

Bio-IT World Conference & Expo

Dates: October 6-8, 2020


Description: Since its debut in 2002, the Bio-IT World Conference & Expo has been the world’s premier event showcasing technologies and analytic approaches that solve problems, accelerate science, and drive the future of precision medicine. Bio-IT World unites an ecosystem of over 3,000 leading life sciences, pharmaceutical, clinical, healthcare, informatics and technology experts in the field of biomedical research, drug discovery & development, and healthcare from around the world.

Price: $449

Registration Link:

The Indiana Life Sciences Summit

Dates: October 7, 2020


Description: The Indiana Life Sciences Summit drives conversations and provides content on important and timely topics with speakers from Indiana’s life sciences community. This year’s virtual conference will focus on the impact that COVID-19 has had on our life sciences companies, research institutions, and will highlight the critical role that Indiana’s life sciences industry has had on the global health crisis.

We will also hear from some companies who have recently relocated to Indiana. The annual Watanabe Life Science Champion of the Year award will be presented, recognizing the incredible contributions of a member of our community.

Price: Free

Registration Link:

International Conference on Global Health Challenges

International Conference on Health Policy and Management

Dates: October 08-09, 2020


Description: ICGHC 2020: 14. International Conference on Global Health Challenges aims to bring together leading academic scientists, researchers and research scholars to exchange and share their experiences and research results on all aspects of Global Health Challenges. It also provides a premier interdisciplinary platform for researchers, practitioners and educators to present and discuss the most recent innovations, trends, and concerns as well as practical challenges encountered and solutions adopted in the fields of Global Health Challenges

Price: $350 – $600

Registration Link:

International Conference on Healthcare and Biomedical Engineering

International Conference on Health Policy and Management

Dates: October 08-09, 2020


Description: ICHBE 2020: 14. International Conference on Healthcare and Biomedical Engineering aims to bring together leading academic scientists, researchers and research scholars to exchange and share their experiences and research results on all aspects of Healthcare and Biomedical Engineering. It also provides a premier interdisciplinary platform for researchers, practitioners and educators to present and discuss the most recent innovations, trends, and concerns as well as practical challenges encountered and solutions adopted in the fields of Healthcare and Biomedical Engineering.

Price: $350 – $600

Registration Link:

International Conference on Advances in Public Health Engineering

International Conference on Health Policy and Management

Dates: October 08-09, 2020


Description: International Conference on Advances in Public Health Engineering aims to bring together leading academic scientists, researchers and research scholars to exchange and share their experiences and research results on all aspects of Advances in Public Health Engineering. It also provides a premier interdisciplinary platform for researchers, practitioners and educators to present and discuss the most recent innovations, trends, and concerns as well as practical challenges encountered and solutions adopted in the fields of Advances in Public Health Engineering.

Price: $350 – $600

Registration Link:

International Conference on Biomedical and Healthcare Systems Engineering

International Conference on Health Policy and Management

Dates: October 08-09, 2020


Description: International Conference on Biomedical and Healthcare Systems Engineering aims to bring together leading academic scientists, researchers and research scholars to exchange and share their experiences and research results on all aspects of Biomedical and Healthcare Systems Engineering. It also provides a premier interdisciplinary platform for researchers, practitioners and educators to present and discuss the most recent innovations, trends, and concerns as well as practical challenges encountered and solutions adopted in the fields of Biomedical and Healthcare Systems Engineering

Price: $350 – $600

Registration Link:


Dates: October 12-16, 2020


Description: With more than 300 speakers 7,000 attendees and approximately 1,000 founders and CEOs of healthcare industry organizations, you’re sure to find new connections to make with your peers. HLTH is gathering to explore the question of how to create the future of health?

Price: $395

Registration Link:

Global Pharmaceutical and Pharma Industry Conference

Dates: October 12-13, 2020


Description: Webinar on Pharmaceutical and Pharma Industry during October 12-13, 2020 . The conference emphasizes the theme “Exploring New Research and Innovative Developments in Pharmaceutical & Pharma Industry”. It covers a wide range of critically important sessions, pharma conference 2020 is a one-day program which includes thought inspiring keynote presentations, plenary talks, poster presentations, panel discussions, workshops, symposiums, special sessions and career development programs.

Price: $349

Registration Link:

Future Pharma

Dates: October 13, 2020


Description: Future Pharma brings together heads of brands and franchises, marketing, sales and digital executives from leading pharmaceutical companies in an interactive and energizing setting. It is the only conference designed to help commercial leadership evaluate their personal and non- personal promotions, align marketing and sales strategies, and provide insight on commercial success in a post-pandemic industry landscape.

Price: Free

Registration Link:

Medical Practice Excellence Conference

Dates: October 13-14, 2020


Description: The Medical Practice Excellence Conference is dedicated to empowering learning opportunities for professionals to intentionally, and continuously, develop their leadership skills. Lead the front lines— in service of healing — and march towards the achievement of excellence in patient care and operations. The Medical Practice Excellence Conference is where you will find the right tools, resources, expert solutions and peer input to address even the most epic of challenges and overcome them.

Price: $699

Registration Link:

The 2020 Food & Nutrition Conference & Expo

Dates: October 17-20, 2020


Description: Each fall, the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics sponsors the world’s largest meeting of food and nutrition experts — more than 10,000 registered dietitian nutritionists, nutrition science researchers, policy makers, health-care providers and industry leaders attend the annual meeting — and address key issues affecting the health of all Americans.

Price: $225

Registration Link:;F:QS!10100&ShowUUID=B9FEE284-2A94-45A5-B728-8981A6743798&!14308%26ShowKey%3D105638

Respirology, Lung and Chest 2020

 Dates: October 19, 2020


Description: “The Program of the conference will be the same with few changes and your registration and accommodation (if booked with us) will be automatically transferred to the new date, so we very much hope that we will see you in October.

Our sincere thanks to all the participants, speakers, sponsors and exhibitors for your understanding and supporting us in this situation.”

Price: $299

Registration Link:

5th Microbiome Movement Drug Development Summit 2020

Dates: October 19-21, 2020


Description: The Microbiome Movement – Drug Development Summit continues to be the industry-leading forum to help forward thinking researchers from the pharmaceutical, biotech and academic community pursue the causal role of the human microbiome in disease, to create a new generation of targeted treatments that demonstrate consistent clinical outcomes and predictable MoAs.

If you are, or would like to be, a player in the microbiome arena, this is the conference you should attend to not only hear the latest pre-clinical and clinical development from organizations developing microbiome-based therapeutics, biomarkers and diagnostics, but also to make long-lasting connections that will accelerate your microbiome developments forward, and help translate this promising science into a reality for patients.

Price: $1696

Registration Link:

Traditional & Alternative Medicine

Dates: October 19-20, 2020


Description: Conference Series LLC Ltd welcomes you to join the 10th International Conference and Exhibition on Traditional & Alternative Medicine (Traditional Medicine 2020). On october 19-20, 2020 the conference will be held in the city of Madrid,Spain.

The theme of Traditional Medicine 2020 is to “Research Advances Enhancing Excellence in Traditional & Alternative Medicine”

The Traditional Medicine 2020 Conference is an International conference of 2 days, providing the most up-to-date information, research, guidance and policy discussion for professionals in the Traditional Medicine and Complimentary Medicine field. It is your opportunity to learn and network with friends and colleagues from around the globe while having fun at the same time.

Price: $599

Registration Link:

IHI Primary Care Summit

Dates: October 21–23, 2020


Description: The Institute for Healthcare Improvement’s (IHI’s) Primary Care Summit 2020 is the event for health care professionals in a variety of settings who are committed to transforming primary care.

This virtual conference will combine practical instruction with rejuvenating inspiration, equipping attendees to achieve better outcomes for the people and populations they serve during these unprecedented times.

Price: $296

Registration Link: 

2nd AfroBiotech Conference

Dates: October 26-28, 2020


Description: This conference will highlight the achievements of African Americans in biotechnology, inspire a new generation of diverse biotechnology professionals and identify, communicate, and explore current advancements in various aspects of Biotechnology.

Price: Free

Registration Link:

Pre-Filled Syringes East Coast 2020

Dates: October 26-27, 2020


Description: SMi are proud to announce the 7th Pre Filled Syringes East Coast virtual conference taking place on 26th and 27th October 2020.

The global pre-filled syringes market was valued at $4.9 billion in 2018 and with the rapid growth of the industry, is expected to exceed $9.7 billion by 2025. With that in mind, this event will bring together specialists within the industry to provide an exclusive insight into the sphere of regulation, new digital technology trends, human studies and innovative design and delivery systems within the prefilled syringe industry.

Price: $499

Registration Link:

World Obesity and Weight Management Congress

Dates: October 19-20, 2020


Description: The Program of the conference will be the same with few changes and your registration and accommodation (if booked with us) will be automatically transferred to the new date, so we very much hope that we will see you in October.

Our sincere thanks to all the participants, speakers, sponsors and exhibitors for your understanding and supporting us in this situation.

Price: $299

Registration Link:

SHSMD Connections Bytes

Dates: October 27-28, 2020


Description: The premier organization for healthcare strategists is offering a dynamic online conference experience!T his virtual event will provide you with applicable take-aways and new ideas that you can directly apply to your role and organization. Engage with your peers through interactive sessions, discussion boards, and fun networking opportunities.

Price: $299

Registration Link:

SMi’s 3rd Annual Pharmaceutical Microbiology East Coast Conference

Dates: October 28-29, 2020


Description: The pharmaceutical microbiology industry has seen many changes during the progression into the 21st century. With advances in rapid microbiological methods, revisions being made to regulations in the industry, enhanced knowledge of the human microbiome, and novel testing methods, innovative approaches in ATMP facilities, this industry is ever expanding.industry experts to discuss and analyze the latest advances and challenges within the industry. Network with industry professionals, discuss revisions in regulatory and guidance documents, explore data integrity considerations for conventional and rapid microbiology methods, analyze arising issues with environmental monitoring to best control contamination and gain insight into an industry perspective on automated endotoxin testing and process automation.

Price: $1799

Registration Link:

Natural, Traditional & Alternative Medicine

Dates: October 30-31, 2020


Description: Natural Medicine 2020 invites scholars, researchers, academicians, students and corporate entities across the globe to join at the 7th International Conference on Natural, Traditional & Alternative Medicine (Natural Medicine-2020) during October 30-31, 2020 in Vancouver, Canada. The conference focuses on “Heal your mind, body and soul through Natural & Alternative Medicine Therapies”.

Price: $1500

Registration Link:

International Online conference on Biotechnology

Dates: November 9-10, 2020


Description: Edifier Group Welcome all the scientists, research professionals, business entities, research scholars and academicians to attend our first online conference on Bacteriology scheduled in the Month of November 2020. Join us and share your expertise to a global audience from the comfort of your home, office or a favourite cafe.

Price: $125 – $190

Registration Link:


Dates: November 09-12, 2020


Description: Where the top minds in pharma supply chain, logistics, distribution, customer service, planning, IT, quality and sourcing meet to share practical insights on how to achieve digitalisation, end-to-end visibility, customer-first strategies, and much more! This is THE meeting place to benchmark your business with the best and shape the future of your industry.

Price: Free

Registration Link:

Physician Burnout Symposium

Dates: November 10-11, 2020


Description: Physician and Nurse Leader burnout is a public health crisis that demands action across the entire healthcare ecosystem.  Burnout not only effects clinicians, but also the patients they serve. At the Physician Burnout Symposium Virtual event, we will gather thought leaders and stakeholders for an annual two-day conference to address the multiple facets of burnout, such as time constraints, technology and regulations, and gain actionable solutions to implement within your health system.  

Price: $495

Registration Link:


Dates: November 14-18, 2020


Description: The Annual Symposium builds on more than 40 years of sharing pioneering research and insights for leveraging information to improve human health. Topics of interest span the spectrum from deciphering the underpinning phenomena of disease, to managing information and communications for improving patient care, to tracking the health of populations. The AMIA 2020 Annual Symposium showcases the latest innovations from the community of biomedical informatics researchers and practitioners.

Price: $1110

Registration Link:

Xconomy Presents: Xcelerating Life Sciences – New York

Dates: November 17, 2020


Description: Stay at the forefront of New York’s burgeoning life science ecosystem that is fueling today’s biotech investment & partnership opportunities. Medical centers, academic institutions, and government support have all been leveraged to get New York life sciences off the ground. With the space, funding, and intellectual capital now available, how do startups fit into the picture and thrive? How does the pandemic’s impact affect progress? What else will it take to foster the ecosystem at the scale necessary?

Price: $99

Registration Link:

International conference on biological and medical sciences (ICBMS)

Dates: November 17, 2020


Description: ARSSS – ICBMS International conference on biological and medical sciences(ICBMS) is a prestigious event organized with a motivation to provide an excellent international platform for the academicians, researchers, engineers, industrial participants and budding students around the world to SHARE their research findings with the global experts. ICBMS 2020 will be held in  New York,United States of America on 17th Nov 2020.

Price: $350

Registration Link:

Healthcare & Life-Science Research

Dates: November 17, 2020


Description: We are delighted to invite the researchers & experts from the arena of Healthcare Management; to attend upcoming “World Congres on Healthcare & Life-Science Research” is going to be held during November 18-19, 2020 Bangkok, Thailand. Life science congress 2020 is a specially designed cluster conference which consists of keynote presentations, Oral talks, Poster presentations, Workshops, Panel Discussions and Exhibitions, Young Researcher Forums (YRF).

Price: $249

Registration Link:

RSNA 2020

RSNA 2020

Dates: November 29 – December 5, 2020


Description: Join the brightest minds during the most important week in radiology and experience the ease of an all-virtual event. RSNA 2020 is where you’ll find fresh opportunities to connect with the global radiology community and get a front row seat to the latest research, education and technological advancements.

Price: $350

Registration Link:

Pharma & Patient USA 2020

Pharma & Patient USA

Dates: December 1-4, 2020


Description: At Reuters Events Pharma & Patient USA (December 1-4, 2020, Virtual), industry experts, patient leaders and key stakeholders will unite to devise an advanced roadmap for patient centricity that goes above and beyond to prioritize patient needs in our extraordinary new landscape. You’ll gain the tools and techniques that put your patients first and your engagement strategy in first place.

Price: $699

Registration Link:

Social Determinants of Health Symposium

Dates: December 8, 2020


Description: Critical Connections brings together providers, payers and all sector entities for timely discussions about pressing healthcare issues. The symposium incorporates stakeholders into the conversation to better help healthcare marketing professionals to broaden the mindsets of patients and consumers alike. These evidence-based recommendations are put in place to help bridge the gap between consumer, stakeholder and healthcare professionals alike. Again, as we cross the line from B2B pharma to B2C healthcare, conferences as such may not feel relevant. But learning about marketing life further up the chain does provide valuable context to what we do in the B2B field, making this conference one to consider.

Price: $79

Registration Link:

American Drug Delivery and Formulation Summit 2020, San Diego

Dates: December 8, 2020


Description: The Summit covered both small molecules and biologics, new technologies, concepts and case studies in areas such as:

Formulation design for poorly soluble compounds

The potential of nanotechnology for better deliverability

The latest controlled released technologies

Improving patient compliance by harnessing data and the latest smart device technology

Optimising formulations for continuous manufacturing

Overcoming the blood brain barrier and challenges in oral delivery of biologics

Reformulation and biosimilars.

Price: $1495

Registration Link:

Carolinas Healthcare Public Relations & Marketing Society (CHPRMS) Annual Conference

Revision 2020

Dates: December 2-3, 2020


Description: CHPRMS provides resources for members of healthcare organizations in North and South Carolina. At the organization’s annual fall conference, healthcare marketers and communicators can learn about the ever-changing world of healthcare marketing and get insights from leading experts. At the conference, you will be able to attend presentations from healthcare marketing experts and network with others in your field.

Price: $125

Registration Link: Registration coming soon!

International Conference on Recent Advances in Medical and Health Sciences

Dates: November 19-20, 2020


Description: The Academics World 947th International Conference on Recent Advances in Medical and Health Sciences (ICRAMHS) aims to bring together leading academic scientists, researchers and research scholars to exchange and share their experiences and research results about all aspects of Medical and Health Sciences. It also provides the premier interdisciplinary forum for researchers, practitioners and educators to present and discuss the most recent innovations, trends, and concerns, practical challenges encountered and the solutions adopted in the fields of Medical and Health Sciences.

Price: $130 – $270

Registration Link: 

International Conference on Healthcare and Clinical Gerontology

International conference Healthcare Clinical Gerontology

Dates: November 17, 2020


Description: An elegant and rich premier global platform for the International Conference on Healthcare and Clinical Gerontology (ICHCG) that uniquely describes the Academic research and development across the globe. This event tries to fill in the void that is being created by the current global academic and research by the different global challenges .To be held on 17th Nov 2020 at Kansas City,United States of America , this event will provide unique and rational opportunities to all the attendees, researchers from different domains . This event globally strives towards achieving excellence in the cutting edge of all the researchers from all the disciplines of technology and tries to differentiate the gap and integrate the thoughts. Of academies and researchers worldwide.

Price: $300

Registration Link:

International Conference on Medical & Health Science – ICMHS 2020

International Conference on medical and health science - ICMHS 2020

Dates: October 22-23, 2020


Description: Welcome to the Official Website of the  745th International Conference on Medical & Health Science – ICMHS 2020. It will be held during 22nd-23rd October, 2020 at Chicago , United States of America. ICMHS 2020 is being organized by Researchfora. The aim of the conference is to provide the platform for Students, Doctors, Researchers and Academicians to share the knowledge and ideas in the recent trends in the field of Medical & Health Science.

Price: TBD

Registration Link:

RW- 920th International Conference on Medical and Biosciences (ICMBS) 

ICMBS 2020

Dates: October 18-19, 2020


Description: RW- 920th International Conference on Medical and Biosciences (ICMBS) is a prestigious event organized with a motivation to provide an excellent international platform for the academicians, researchers, engineers, industrial participants and budding students around the world to SHARE their research findings with the global experts. 920th ICMBS 2020 will be held in New Orleans , United States of America during 18th-19th October, 2020.

The key intention of 920th ICMBS 2020 is to provide opportunity for the global participants to share their ideas and experience in person with their peers expected to join from different parts on the world. In addition this gathering will help the delegates to establish research or business relations as well as to find international linkage for future collaborations in their career path. We hope that the 920th ICMBS 2020 outcome will lead to significant contributions to the knowledge base in these up-to-date scientific fields in scope.

Price: $350
Registration Link:

Enjoy whichever virtual medical and scientific conferences you choose to attend. Contact us if you know of additional conferences we should add to this page!

Attend Virtual Medical Marketing Conferences

How To Crush Medical Marketing: 5 Upcoming Virtual Medical Marketing Conferences To Attend

Here is a list of medical marketing conferences on my radar to attend in upcoming weeks and months. There are so many worthwhile conferences and events each year that I do not get to travel to since I try to limit my business travel to only essential meetings. While I maximize time with family, I miss a lot of great conferences. The silver lining of COVID for me is that a lot of conferences and events are now virtual. I am attending more than ever before and loving it. 

The medical marketing conferences in this list should all be educational and insightful for marketing professionals in the healthcare and pharmaceutical industries. If you do attend any and “see” me – say hi 😊

I will try to update this list as I see other in-person medical marketing conferences convert to virtual. 

Upcoming Virtual Medical Marketing Conferences

#1 Pharma Marketing USA 2020

Dates: September 29 – 30, 2020                


Description: “The business-critical event for ensuring transformation continues after COVID-19. The pharma marketeer has been introduced to a foreign environment. A place where digital and data natives are the apex-predators. To survive, either we adapt our understanding of, and interactions with, the customer or perish.

Pharma Marketing USA 2020 is where marketing, digital and commercial leaders benchmark amongst the best to forge new data and digital infrastructure, enable personalization, and define re-emergence strategies to reach new standards of customer eccentricity.”

Price: $499         

Registration Link:

#2 Hospital Marketing National

Date: October 1, 2020    


Description: “The Hospital Marketing National features presentations from key thought-leaders in the marketing field from leading advertising agencies, media companies, PR firms, and health care providers. This event discusses best practices in marketing your hospital, how to best choose your media mix, developing excellent campaigns, and highlighting your key healthcare practice areas. Great case studies, creative campaign planning discussions, and thought-leader forums will help you enhance your creative and get more ROI for your advertising dollar.

The Hospital Marketing National Conference focuses entirely on marketing execution, by providing concrete examples and case studies of best-in-class marketing. Nearly all of our case studies feature award-winning campaigns and are designed to provide actionable insight that you can immediately apply to make strong marketing and advertising campaigns. All presentations show great creative, and not only explain what took place in the campaign, but what insight was gleaned and how you, as a marketer, can utilize it in your own campaigns.”

Price: $195         

Registration Link:

#3 Illinois Society for Healthcare Marketing & Public Relations (ISHMPR) 2020 Fall Conference

Date: October 15 – 16, 2020


Description: “The Better Half of 2020 for ISHMPR is about our membership, so this year we are inviting our members to a complimentary virtual fall conference. Complimentary Virtual Fall Conference – October 15 & 16. Live Stream Extravaganza. Three Educational Sessions. Pinnacle Awards Show. You know that Molly Sorrell and team are awesome at conference planning and this year will be no exception. We are bringing virtual experiences from industry experts and our remarkable affiliate vendor partners. Be on the lookout for more details throughout the summer.”

Price: Free – Members only

Registration Link: Not sure since it for members only      

This is a member’s only meeting, and I am not a member. But it looked like it was worth mentioning.

# 4 Modern Healthcare’s Strategic Marketing Conference           

Date: November 12, 2020


Description: “Recent industry changes have diminished traditional marketing strategies and industry expectations, creating questions in their wake. To be successful in such a rapidly evolving system, marketing and communications strategies need to change — and fast. Participate in Modern Healthcare’s Strategic Marketing Conference to:

● Meet with marketing executives, hospital CEOs and other thought leaders

● Discuss the latest trends and best practices in healthcare marketing

● Advance your career by expanding your network and knowledge”

Price: TBD

Registration Link: TBD

#5 Healthcare Internet Conference

Date: November 16, 2020            


Description: “This conference is hosted by Greystone, a web strategy and digital marketing consulting firm. It is designed for healthcare executives from hospitals, health systems, group practices, integrated networks, and health plans. Attendees include web directors, marketing directors, public relations directors, and chief information officers, among other healthcare professionals. At this conference, you can learn about how other organizations are marketing themselves, connect with colleagues, find out about the latest developments in technology, and get connected with vendors who can help your practice accomplish its marketing goals.”         

Price: $399-$499              

Registration Link:

Contact me with any comments.

Manuscripts Medical Writing

Top 50 Medical Journals for Fast Publication

The field of medical science is enormous and it can sometimes be overwhelming to find the top medical journals for getting published.

Research has become such a fast-paced and competitive environment that rapid publication of experimental findings is necessary. 

Choosing the wrong medical journal can lead to many months of lost time if the submission is rejected or unseen by the vast majority of your audience.

The purpose of this massive list of academic medical journals is to help scientists, doctors, researchers and companies get published quickly.

Many of these have quick review times, electronic publication, good acceptance rates and lower impact factors

Journals with higher impact factors often do not have to boast quick publication times because they have a constant flow of quality submissions.

However, the desire to spread new knowledge promptly is gaining more support and even high impact journals are beginning to offer faster publication options.

Disclaimer: The values listed in this article for publication time and acceptance rate are approximate ranges based on external reviews of the best medical journals in science. Although, our findings may not accurately reflect an individual experience or actual averages unless stated on the journal’s website. 

1.  Journal of Clinical Medicine

Approx. Time to Publication:  1 month
Acceptance rate: —
Impact factor:  2.046 (2018) 
Open Access: Yes

The Journal of Clinical Medicine publishes articles for advanced health care practices and general medical research.

It focuses on high visibility, rapid publication and thorough peer-review.

2.  Experimental Physiology

Approx. Time to Publication: 1 month
Acceptance rate:  ~29%
Impact factor:  2.624 (2018)
Open Access:  Optional

Experimental Physiology focuses on publishing scientific articles on the topics of homeostatic and adaptive health responses as well as pathophysiological mechanisms of disease.

With one of the fastest average times to online publication, this journal is a great option for articles matching the medical journal’s focus.

3. Methods and Applications in Fluorescence

Approx. Time to Publication: 1-2 months
Acceptance rate:  —
Impact factor:  2.940 (2018)
Open Access:  Optional

Methods and Applications in Fluorescence is a renown journal that aims to publish articles on novel developments in fluorescence spectroscopy, imaging, microscopy, fluorescent probes, labels and nanomaterials.

They utilize a single-blind peer review process for quick publication and quality review.

4.  International Journal of Nanomedicine

Approx. Time to Publication: 1-2 months
Acceptance rate: 80%
Impact factor:  4.471 (2018)
Open Access: Yes

The International Journal of Nanomedicine has a very quick publication timeline and a high acceptance rate. This medical journal covers a large range of topics in the field of nanomedicine.

This academic journal accepts all applications of nanotechnology but is focused mainly:

  • Drug delivery
  • Biosensors
  • Regenerative nanomedicine
  • Nanodiagnostics
  • Nanoinformatics
  • Nanotoxicity.

5. Journal of Physiology

Approx. Time to Publication:  1.5 months
Acceptance rate:  ~25%
Impact factor:  4.950 (2018)
Open Access:  Optional

The Journal of Physiology publishes research across all areas of physiology and pathophysiology.

They are most interested in publishing articles with a clinical or translational focus, new principles or mechanisms, lower vertebrate of invertebrate models and theoretical computational models.

6.  Glia

Approx. Time to Publication: 1-2 months
Acceptance rate:  ~75%
Impact factor:  5.829 (2018) 
Open Access: Optional

Glia is the number one journal for glia research and publishes manuscripts that provide insights into the aspects of glial structure and function.

Accepted manuscripts are published online promptly through Early View for rapid publication.

7. Vision

Approx. Time to Publication: 1-2 months
Acceptance rate: 70%
Impact factor:  —
Open Access: Yes

Vision is an international journal that publishes a wide range of articles within eye research. The journal was first launched in 2017 and does not have an impact factor score yet.

With no page length minimum or maximum and a quick acceptance time, this top academic journal is a great option for researchers in ophthalmology looking for a fast publication. 

8. Physiological Reports

Approx. Time to Publication: 1-2 months
Acceptance rate:  —
Impact factor:  2.130 (2019)
Open Access:  Yes

Physiological Reports is an open access journal that publishes articles from basic and translational physiology and closely related fields. The journal aims to publish all deserving work and often accepts referred rejected articles from supporter journals.

9. Journal of International Medicinal Research

Approx. Time to Publication: 1-2 months
Acceptance rate: ~60%
Impact factor:  1.351 (2018)
Open Access: Yes

The Journal of International Medicinal Research publishes original research of clinical and preclinical manuscripts as well as reviews, meta-analyses, pilot studies and case reports. They focus on rapid peer review, rapid publication and broad distribution of research.

10. Molecules

Approx. Time to Publication: 1-2 months
Acceptance rate: ~60%
Impact factor: 3.060 (2018)
Open Access: Yes

Molecules is an international journal that focuses on chemistry and is published semi-monthly. Along with being open access, Molecules also has expanded indexing and no restrictions on article length or extra charges for color images. The journal has a somewhat larger scope then others on this list with the fastest publication time and reviews articles in most biological and chemical fields as long as there is a focus on molecular properties or interactions.

11. eLife

Approx. Time to Publication: 1-2 months
Acceptance rate: ~50% (no set rate)
Impact factor: 6.830 (2019)
Open Access: Yes

eLife is a non-profit publisher of articles across many fields in science and technology.

This is one of the best journals for acceptance rates. ELife’s main goal is to promote communication in research by reducing the number of revision rounds.

Requesting more data only if they are essential and providing the opportunity for authors to share a preprinted version of a submitted article to the online server, bioRxiv, while the manuscript is under review.

This allows the research to be available much quicker than standard publications. eLife also does not have a set number or rate for accepted papers and therefore judges each article independently without other constraints.

12. RMD Open

Approx. Time to Publication: 1-2 months
Acceptance rate: 39%
Impact factor:  3.440 (2018)
Open Access: Yes

RMD Open publishes original research covering musculoskeletal disorders, rheumatism and connective tissue disease. The journal focuses on small studies and clinical cases. RMD Open has a high acceptance rate and a quick publication time but is limited by a small research focus. 

13. Journal of Neuroscience

Approx. Time to Publication: 1-2 months
Acceptance rate: ~25%
Impact factor:  6.074 (2018)
Open Access: Optional

The Journal of Neuroscience is the official journal of Society for Neuroscience and publishes articles in any neuroscience related discipline.

Among their core values are scientific rigor, prompt publication and constructive peer review. This medical journal is open to all manuscripts in the vast field of neuroscience and has a very quick review process.

14. Journal of Experimental Biology

Approx. Time to Publication: 2 months
Acceptance rate:  ~80%
Impact factor:  3.017 (2018) 
Open Access: Optional

JEB is the leading biology journal of comparative animal physiology that seeks to publish manuscripts with a novel, mechanistic and hypothesis driven experimental design.

The academic publication is free with this journal but to have your paper published with open access has a fee.

15. eNeuro

Approx. Time to Publication: 2 months
Acceptance rate: ~80%
Impact factor:  3.460 (2019)
Open Access: Yes

eNeuro’s mission is to promote science that aids to the understanding of the nervous system which may fall short of the criteria required for the Journal of Neuroscience.

This includes manuscripts of all length describing new methodologies, novel observations without a clear mechanistic pathway or negative results within the field of neuroscience.

16. Neuropharmacology

Approx. Time to Publication: 2 months
Acceptance rate: 32% 
Impact factor: 4.367 (2019)
Open Access: Optional

Neuropharmacology focuses on the impacts of “chemical agents on neurobiological processes”. This top journal focuses mainly on research using mammalian species but does not typically publish clinical research.

Even though the scope of this academic journal is relatively specific, prompt publication and a fair acceptance rate make this a good option for articles in this field.

17. Molecular Cancer Research

Approx. Time to Publication: 2 months
Acceptance rate: —
Impact factor:  4.484 (2018)
Open Access: Optional

The scope of Molecular Cancer Research focuses on basic research with a broad reach within the cancer field.

More specifically the journal is interested in mechanistic pathways of cancer risk, development or progression. This academic journal also has an “OnlineFirst” program that publishes electronic articles promptly after peer review but before copyediting to promote fast manuscript release.

18. Communications Biology

Approx. Time to Publication:  2-3 months
Acceptance rate:  ~80%
Impact factor:  —
Open Access: Yes
Communications Biology is from the Nature family but was launched recently in 2018.  The journal will review a research manuscript from any field of biology.

Since they are a relatively new journal, their acceptance rate is remains high while maintaining a quick timeline for publication.

19.  Physiology and Behavior

Approx. Time to Publication: 2-3 months
Acceptance rate:  55%
Impact factor:  2.635 (2018)
Open Access: Optional

Physiology and Behavior is focused on the causal mechanisms of behavior and is particularly interested in behavioral and cognitive neuroscience.

20. Cell Chemical Biology

Approx. Time to Publication: 2-3 months
Acceptance rate:  —
Impact factor:  3.15 (2019) 
Open Access:  Optional

Cell Chemical Biology reviews a wide variety of manuscripts but encourages submissions that provide conceptual advancement to a subject that has a general or broad interest to both chemists and biologists.

21. Journal of Hypertension

Approx. Time to Publication: 2-3 months
Acceptance rate: —
Impact factor: 4.209 (2019)
Open Access: Yes   

The Journal of Hypertension is a very focused journal with a limited scope.

However, the medical journal has a “commitment to rapid publication” which allows for fast completion times for articles following under this field.

22. PLOS Genetics

Approx. Time to Publication: 2-3 months
Acceptance rate: ~42%
Impact factor: 5.030 (2019)
Open Access: Yes

PLOS Genetics is multidisciplinary and publishes manuscripts from every field of biology by maintaining the common link of genetic findings.

This top journal has a wide variety of article types but focuses on originality, importance, broad interests, rigorous study and strong evidence as the criteria for publication.

A fast publication timeline and nearly 50% acceptance rate makes this journal a candidate for strong consideration for manuscript submission.

23.  Oncogenesis

Approx. Time to Publication: 2-3 months
Acceptance rate: —
Impact factor:  5.995 (2018) 
Open Access:  Yes

Oncogenesis is an open access journal that seeks to explore the molecular basis of cancer and malignant change.  The quick publication time of this journal makes it a great option for cancer research.

24. mBio

Approx. Time to Publication: 2-3 months
Acceptance rate: ~50%Ž
Impact factor:  6.500 (2019)
Open Access: Yes

mBio accepts all manuscripts that relate to microbiology and similar fields for rapid publication.

The Mbio journal accepts the following types of manuscripts on Microbiology:

  • Original research (~5000 words),
  • Mini-reviews (~6000 words),
  • Opinions (~2500 words),
  • Perspectives (~2000 words),
  • Observations (~1200 words)
  • Commentaries (~1000 words).

25. Journal of Cell Biology

Approx. Time to Publication: 2-3 months
Acceptance rate: 33%
Impact factor:  8.891 (2019)
Open Access: Optional

The Journal of Cell Biology accepts articles from many different subfields.

They are focused mostly on the research topic of cell biology and will accept research in this field without requiring any specific type of experimental approach. 

The main criteria for journal publication are novel, significant and interesting findings.

26. Journal of Anatomy

Approx. Time to Publication: 3 months
Acceptance rate: —
Impact factor: 2.638 (2018)
Open Access: Optional

The Journal of Anatomy focuses on exploring the field through analyzing structure, function, development and evolution.

Special focus is given to articles using modern imaging techniques with clear relevance to the anatomical community. 

27.  Mobile DNA

Approx. Time to Publication:  3 months
Acceptance rate:  —
Impact factor: 3.630 (2018) 
Open Access: Yes

Mobile DNA aims to publish novel research into the DNA rearrangement of organisms and the utility of mobile genetic elements.

Although somewhat limited in scope, Mobile DNA maintains a fairly quick revision time and open access status for prompt publication.

28. Scientific Reports

Approx. Time to Publication: 3 months
Acceptance rate: 56%
Impact factor: 4.011 (2018)
Open Access: Yes

Scientific Reports is open to research from natural and clinical sciences including:

  • Physical sciences
  • Earth and environmental sciences
  • Biological sciences
  • Health sciences.

This journal is from the same publishing group as Nature and focuses on quick publications that are easily discovered by promoting open access and PubMed indexing. 

29. PLOS Pathogens

Approx. Time to Publication: 3 months
Acceptance rate: ~50%
Impact factor:  6.463 (2019)
Open Access: Yes

PLOS Pathogens is an open access journal focused on:

  • Bacterial
  • Fungal
  • Parasitic
  • Viral
  • Prion infections and how they interact with their host.

This top journal publication has a criteria that focuses on originality, importance to medical science, and rigor of the research. 

30. Current Biology

Approx. Time to Publication: 3-4 months
Acceptance rate: ~80%
Impact factor:  9.193 (2018)
Open Access: Optional

Current Biology is a journal that focuses very generally on new advances in all fields of biology.

This well know medical journal aims to increase communication and collaboration across the many fields with biological interests.

Current Biology has a high acceptance rate and a fairly quick time to publication.

They also have a pre-submission inquiry program that aims to reduce wasted time for authors by screening the article abstract and cover letter for suitability. The editors typically complete this process in one working day.

31. Experimental and Molecular Medicine

Approx. Time to Publication: 3-4 months
Acceptance rate:  ~65%
Impact factor:  4.743 (2019) 
Open Access: Yes

EMM is an online open-access journal that seeks to publish developments in translational research and biomedical science that are applicable to improved clinical human health.

This top biomedical journal is known for high acceptance rate, quick time to publication and broad scope make it a great choice for a biomedical science manuscript.

32. Journal of Biomedical Informatics

Approx. Time to Publication:  3-4 months
Acceptance rate:  ~25%
Impact factor:  2.950 (2018)
Open Access:  Optional

The Journal of Biomedical informatics focuses on publications highlighting new methodologies and techniques that evolve the science of biomedical informatics and are directly applicable to biomedical sciences.

33. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA

Approx. Time to Publication:  3-4 months
Acceptance rate: ~20%
Impact factor:  4.292 (2019)
Open Access: Yes

JAMIA is a health informatics and biomedical science journal that covers a wide variety of topics including education and public health.

The academic journal publishes a large range of manuscript types including primary research, case studies and opinion articles. 

34. Science Immunology

Approx. Time to Publication: 3-4 months
Acceptance rate: —
Impact factor:  8.160 (2019)
Open Access: No

Science Immunology publishes manuscripts from the broad field of immunology including validation of new tools and techniques.

They cover medical research from basic to translational and clinical science. Science immunology focuses on short articles that are published in a timely manner and can offer expedited review for papers needing quick assessment.

35. BMC Neuroscience

Approx. Time to Publication: 4 months
Acceptance rate:  ~27%
Impact factor:  2.620 (2018)
Open Access: Yes

BMC Neuroscience is an open access journal that covers all aspects of the nervous system with particular interest in animal model studies, cognitive and behavioral research as well as computational modeling.

36. Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience

Approx. Time to Publication: 4 months
Acceptance rate: —
Impact factor: 4.504 (2019)
Open Access: Yes

As indicated by the title of this journal, Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience focuses on understanding how aging alters the Central Nervous System.

This multidisciplinary journal focuses on the integration of sub-disciplines of neuroscience and aims for translational approaches to aging diseases.

37. Therapeutic Advances in Medical Oncology

Approx. Time to Publication: 4 months
Acceptance rate: —
Impact factor:  5.670 (2018)
Open Access: Yes

Therapeutic Advances in Medical Oncology is focused on the clinical and pharmacological sciences in the treatment of cancer.

One of the top oncology journals in the world, it’s publications are open to all areas of oncology research, which encompasses a large variety of biomedical fields.

Quick online publication makes this journal a good option for fast publication in the field of oncology.

38. Cell Reports/Cell Press

Approx. Time to Publication: 4 months
Acceptance rate: 24%
Impact factor: 7.815 (2019)
Open Access: Yes

Cell Reports considers articles from any topic in life sciences that provide “new biological insight”.

They publish short reports and longer article formats. Cell Reports maintains a fairly prompt publication timeline, a wide scope and high impact factors making it a solid option for almost any topic in the biomedical sciences.

39. Annals of Biomedical Engineering

Approx. Time to Publication: 4-5 months
Acceptance rate: 25%
Impact factor: 3.630 (2019)
Open Access: Optional

The Annals of Biomedical Engineering journal has an interdisciplinary focus on the bioengineering and biomedical engineering fields.

It is the official journal of the Biomedical Engineering Society and aims to use science and engineering to balance scientific observations and analysis. 

40. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism: JCEM

Approx. Time to Publication:  4-5 months
Acceptance rate: ~20%
Impact factor: 5.605 (2018)
Open Access: Optional

JCEM accepts original research articles relating to clinical practices in endocrinology, diabetes and metabolism. Virtually all types of manuscripts in these fields are accepted by this academic and medical journal.

The tight focus of this journal makes it an appealing option for timely publication of manuscripts in this field.

41. European Journal of Neuroscience

Approx. Time to Publication: 4-6 months
Acceptance rate:  ~75%
Impact factor:  2.832 (2019) 
Open Access: Optional

EJN is a generic neuroscience journal that publishes article in all aspects of the field.

They strive for fast publication of manuscripts and research papers after acceptance.

EJN often does not reject articles and will lean towards publishing articles based on what topics are currently fashionable or trending in the field.

42. BMC Genomics

Approx. Time to Publication: 4-6 months
Acceptance rate:  ~33%
Impact factor:  3.501 (2018)
Open Access: Yes

BMC Genomics is open access journal publishes articles that focus on genome-scale analysis, functional genomics and proteomics.

It is has an average time to publication but has a good rate of acceptance at approximately 1/3 of submitted manuscripts.


Approx. Time to Publication: 6 months
Acceptance rate: 49%
Impact factor: 2.870 (2019)
Open Access: Yes

Even though PLOS ONE is on the longer side in terms of time to publication, it still made this list due to a high acceptance rate, open access and wide scope.

PLOS ONE accepts original research from over 200 fields within science and medicine. Acceptance of articles is based on the rigor and ethical conduction of the work and less on the appeal of the research topic.

44. Nature Communications

Approx. Time to Publication: 6 months
Acceptance rate: ~38%
Impact factor:  11.878 (2018)
Open Access: Yes

Nature Communications is open to manuscripts within biology, health, physics, chemistry and Earth sciences. The journal’s main commitments are to quick publication and high-quality research.

45. International Journal of Public Health

Approx. Time to Publication: 6-7 months
Acceptance rate:  ~65%
Impact factor:  2.373 (2018) 
Open Access: Optional

The International Journal of Public Health reviews manuscripts that are relevant to public health worldwide and accepts publications from a large variety of countries and cultures. 

The high acceptance rate and wide scope of this journal counteracts the relatively slow publication time.

Best Journals for Fast and High Impact Publication

46. Nature Microbiology

Approx. Time to Publication: 1-2 months
Acceptance rate: 9%
Impact factor:  11.780 (2019)
Open Access: Yes

Nature Microbiology publishes original research related to all aspects of microorganisms including evolution, physiology and cell biology.

They are an online-only journal publication and their quick time to publication and impact is a great pull for top tier manuscripts. 

47. EMBO Reports

Approx. Time to Publication: 2 months
Acceptance rate: ~15%
Impact factor: 8.300 (2018)
Open Access: Optional 

EMBO Reports focuses on research in the field of molecular biology but also accepts articles on issues involving science and society.

This journal publishes both long and short reports. Even though publication time is fairly rapid, the acceptance rate of EMBO Reports is quite low.

48. Medical Education

Approx. Time to Publication: 2 months
Acceptance rate: 10%
Impact factor: 4.619 (2018)
Open Access: Optional

The Medical Education Journal is primarily an education research journal that accepts manuscripts in many forms.

Of particular interest are articles that employ “empirical finding and conceptual grounding.”

The fast journal publication of articles and unique scope but low acceptance rate gave this journal a place in this bonus section.

49. Molecular Biology and Evolution

Approx. Time to Publication: 3 months (Fast Track: 1 week)
Acceptance rate: —
Impact factor:  14.797 (2018)
Open Access: Optional

Molecular Biology and Evolution publishes research that provides new insights into the molecular processes and changes due to evolution.

This top medical journal aims to provide evolutionary research tools through the articles it publishes including new theories or improved methods.

Molecular Biology and Evolution also has a “Fast Track” option for faster journal publication. Manuscripts with the highest priority can be placed on this option are published online in one week. 

50. Science 

Approx. Time to Publication: 3 months
Acceptance rate: ~7%
Impact factor:  20.570 (2018)
Open Access: Yes

The journal Science publishes full research articles, reports, reviews and commentaries among virtually all fields in science.

They seek to publish articles which have wide spread importance across multiple fields. This journal also has a “First Release” program available for faster online publication.

51. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America: PNAS

Approx. Time to Publication: 5 months
Acceptance rate: 14%
Impact factor:  9.580 (2018)
Open Access: Yes

PNAS primarily publishes articles in the physical, social and biological sciences. The journal focuses on easy submission, independent peer review, quick online publication and flexible journal length.

PNAS is a solid journal with a reasonable turnaround time but the low acceptance rate makes publishing with PNAS a rewarding challenge.


There you have it – 51 options for rapid publication of your research papers, reviews, case reports, and more. If you need help with your writing, editing, or submission, contact us for a quote.


The Ultimate Guide for Medical Manuscript Writing

Medical Manuscript writing can be overwhelming, but there are some tried-and-true techniques and creative tips that can dramatically simplify the process.

We mined the literature for strategies plus revealed some tricks from our seasoned writers to help you get your manuscript written and published.

In this document we focused our attention on manuscripts since they are one of the most common types of medical writing. However, these are techniques that can be useful for any medical writing projects.

What is good medical writing?

When you’re writing for a scientific audience it’s important to write with three C’s in mind:

  • Clear: Don’t be ambiguous or leave anything to the imagination.
  • Concise: Use brief, simple language and avoid repetition/redundancy.
  • Correct: Be accurate, and don’t overstate the significance of your results.

Good medical writing is never more complicated than it needs to be.

Make it easy for your audience by keeping your language clear and simple.

Clear and Simple Language Makes it Easy For The Reader

How is medical writing different?

Many people want to know how medical writing is different from other types of writing. The answer is simple: it isn’t.

Good writing has a goal and a target audience and they will influence how you write, regardless of what you’re writing. A good manuscript is rooted in a good story.

Even data-driven medical texts can be delivered in an engaging way. Most of us can think of examples of stand-out papers in our field of expertise.

At their best these papers are entertaining and thought-provoking even while they deliver complicated, data-heavy material.

Make an Outline for your Manuscript

Before you start writing you need to have a clear understanding of the type and scope of your writing.

For example, consider exactly what you are writing. Is it a case study, textbook chapter, or a literature review? These distinctions have important implications for how you craft and present your material.

An outline should be an obvious place to start, but you’d be surprised at how often this step is skipped.

How to structure your medial manuscript outline

When possible, before you start your outline you should understand the formatting requirements for your targeted publisher.

Many publishers specify abstract headings and have specific requirements for what can (and can’t) be included in the body of your text.

Use the outline as a way to narrow down the research you’ll need to do as you write.


It is an unfortunate fact of life: the abstract is often the only portion of a paper that ever gets read. For this reason your abstract needs to convey the most important points from your paper in 300 words or less. Note what these points are in your abstract.

Make sure you know what your publisher expects from your abstract. Some journals limit you to 150 words, or require that you arrange your abstract using specific headers.

You may need to include an objective or a statement of impact as well.


Most publishers ask authors to provide some keywords. Think about the keywords you’d use to search for your paper and write them down.

Keywords that are more general will increase the number of search results your paper will appear in. For example, use “spinal cord stimulation” instead of “neuromodulation.”

Define your goal

Is your goal to present new research data or to provide a meta-analysis of existing data? By clarifying the goal of your manuscript you can streamline preparation and writing.

Having a well-defined goal will also help you find the most appropriate publisher.

Keep your target audience in mind as you define your goal.


The outline for your intro should note the current state of the field and identify knowledge gaps.

A good way to understand how to arrange your intro is by looking at similar papers that have been published by your target journal.

A standard approach to an intro can be broken down as follows:

  • First paragraph:
    Current knowledge and foundational referencesYou’re paving the way for your readers to understand your objective
  • Second paragraph:
    Introduce your specific topic and identify knowledge gaps
  • Third paragraph:
    Clearly identify your aim

Key references and identifying your hypothesis and aim(s).

Briefly list your methods and timeframe, but don’t get too detailed. This is just an outline.

The results section can be the most challenging to organize.

To simplify the writing process, state your overall question and create subsections for each dataset.

List the experiments you did and your results.

In your outline, identify data that should be presented in a figure or table.
Save any subjective interpretations for the discussion section.

Your outline for the discussion should pick up where the introduction left off.

For example, if your intro ends with an aim, your discussion should start by restating your aim and reminding your readers of the knowledge gap(s) that you are addressing.

Your discussion needs to address each set of experiments and your interpretation, but don’t simply restate your results section.

Make a timeline for your manuscript and specify a submission date to help keep you on track.

Questions to consider when making your discussion outline include:

  • How do your data relate to your original question?
  • Do they support your hypothesis?
  • Are your results consistent with what other researchers have found?
  • If you had unexpected results, is there an explanation for them?
  • Can your data be interpreted in another way
    • Consider your data from the perspective of a competitor. Can you punch holes in your argument?
    • Address potential concerns about your data head on. Don’t try to hide them or gloss over them.
  • If you weren’t able to fully address your question(s) or aim(s), what else do you need to do?
  • How do your data fit into the big picture?

Include a discussion subsection for each of your results subsections where you can subjectively interpret your data. Your outline should include the points you want to make in each subsection as well as your overall goal.

Conclude your discussion with a one sentence summary of your conclusion and its relevance to the field.

Again, don’t forget to write to your target audience!

Additional Resources for Medical Writing

Templates for Building a Perfect Writing Plan:

Know the Literature Before You Write Anything

An effective medical or scientific manuscript provides compelling information that builds on the existing literature and advances what is currently known.

This means you need to have a thorough understanding of the relevant literature!

Your goal is to collect all relevant references into a structured document. Make note of the aim and conclusion of each reference. Use this as a foundation to refer back to when you’re writing your paper.

Organize your research into buckets.

When you find a relevant source, ask yourself:

  • Are the data consistent with what’s already known?
  • If not: why are they different and how do they affect what’s known?
  • Do your data support or refute the data presented in the source?
  • You’ll need to explicitly address inconsistencies and identify potential resolutions.

Find Scholarly Sources

If you are writing an original research article, how do your data fit into the broader topic?

Google searches don’t usually produce scholarly resources unless you know where to look.

There are numerous FREE and Paid online resources available to find the right sources.

Top Scholarly Databases for journals, news, and articles

These tools can be used to find all the reputable sources needed to flesh out quality medical writing.


PUBMED is an extremely popular and free search engine hosted by the NIH (National institutes of Health and U.S. National Library of Medicine. It can be used to access a vast index of peer-reviewed biological and medical research.


EMBASE is a database of literature intended to aid in organizational adherence to prescription drug regulations. Whereas it does contain some references that are not returned by PUBMED, there is a subscription fee associated with EMBASE.

Cochrane Library

The Cochrane Library is a curated database of medical research reviews, protocols, and editorials. While a subscription is required, the Cochrane is a critical resource for evidence-based medicine.

Web of Science

The Web of Science is another subscription service similar to those that have already been mentioned, albeit with an expanded range of academic disciplines including the arts, social sciences, and others.

Google Scholar

Google Scholar leverages Google’s powerful search engine to retrieve published literature from the whole internet (rather than just biomedical journals). This means you’ll get textbooks, theses, conference proceedings, and other publications that won’t show up in PubMed or EMBASE searches. Google Scholar is a powerful tool but it lacks the curation of other search tools, so a careful vetting of any information from this source is important.

Other databases:


Faculty of 1000 (F1000) offers Faculty Opinions and F1000Research. Faculty Opinions are links to recommended life-science articles, while F1000Research is a database of open-source research papers and results.


EBSCO is an online library providing a wide range of services, including its research databases that allow powerful searches of journals in a variety of academic disciplines.

iSEEK Education:

iSeek Education is a search engine geared specifically for academics. The resources from iSeek are meant to be dependable and from reliable sources, such as government agencies and universities.


RefSeek is another popular option for academically oriented search engines. RefSeek is designed to pull results from a large number of sources but not commercial links. 

Virtual LRC:

The Virtual Learning Resources Center is a modified Google search of academic information websites. Its index of websites has been chosen by qualified curators.

More journal databases for medical research

Organize Your References:

One other point on knowing the literature: find a strategy that helps you keep references organized. 

If you’ve ever written a paper and couldn’t remember where on earth you saw that one, perfect reference you know how important this is! 

Rather than putting things into a long word document start with a research template.

RESOURCE: Use our FREE research template to collect sources for your manuscript

You can also download free basic software to organize references.

5 Reference Organization Tools and Software


EndNote is the most popular reference organization tool for medical writers. 

A basic version of EndNote is available for free, but paid subscriptions offer more options.

Source: EndNote

EndNote features include:

  • Import, annotate, and search PDFs
  • Ability to store reference libraries online, so you can access them from anywhere
  • Collaboration is easy with shared libraries
  • EndNote provides the most comprehensive citation style database, or you can create custom citation styles
  • Easy to import/export references from databases using RIS, BibTex, and many other standard data schemes 

One potential drawback of EndNote is that it’s not compatible with Linux.

Zotero is a free, open-source reference management and citation tool. 

Features of Zotero include:

  • Import, annotate, and search PDFs
  • Save screenshots and annotate them within your citation library
  • Import and export references in many formats, including RIS, BibTeX and BibLateX, EndNote, RefWorks, and more
  • Supports over 30 languages
  • Zotero’s online bibliography tool ZoteroBib lets you generate bibliographies without installing Zotero or creating an account
  • Drag-and-drop interface
  • Linux compatible
(Image from Wikipedia)

Mendeley is Elsevier’s “freemium” referencing software, meaning the basic package is available for free but more sophisticated versions require a paid subscription. 

Features of Mendeley include:

  • Import, annotate, and search PDFs
  • Extract metadata from PDFs
  • Create private, shareable libraries
  • Linux compatible
(Image from Wikipedia)


A free online reference tool, Citefast allows users to quickly generate a library in APA 6 or 7, MLA 7 or 8, or Chicago styles. 

Citefast doesn’t require you to make an account, but if you don’t create one your references will be lost after 4 days of inactivity.


Another free online resource, BibMe lets you import references and offers MLA, APA, Chicago, and Turabian formatting styles.

BibMe can also check your spelling and grammar, as well as look for plagiarism.

List of MORE Online Software Tools for Academic and Medical Research

30+ research tools to make your life easier

5 best tools for academic research

31 Best Online Tools for Research

10 great tools for online research

Know your audience

It’s important to know your audience before you start writing. This will help you define your goals and create an outline.  

For example, if you’re preparing a case study for specialists your manuscript will be different than one for a multidisciplinary audience. 

Ask yourself what your message is and find out how it aligns with the goals of your readers to maximize your paper’s impact.

Formatting requirements

Whenever possible, find out the formatting requirements you’ll need to follow before you start writing. They will explicitly state the layout, word limits, figure/table formatting, use of abbreviations, and which reference style to use.

If you’re writing for a journal their website will have a Guide for Authors that specifies formatting. If you’re not sure what the requirements are, you should contact the editor or publisher and ask them. 

Types of medical manuscripts

Knowing what kind of manuscript you’re writing will help you organize your material and identify which information you should present. In addition, many publishers have different formatting requirements for different types of articles.

Although each publisher has their own guidelines for authors, many journals encourage authors to follow reporting guidelines from the EQUATOR Network (Enhancing the QUAlity and Transparency Of health Research). 

Original research

The goal of an original research article is to convey your research findings to an audience. These articles typically follow the same structure:

  • Abstract
  • Introduction 
  • Methods & Materials
  • Results
  • Discussion
  • Conclusion

Examples of great original medical research manuscripts:

  1. Nowacki J, Wingenfeld K, Kaczmarczyk M, et al. Steroid hormone secretion after stimulation of mineralocorticoid and NMDA receptors and cardiovascular risk in patients with depression. Transl Psychiatry. 2020 Apr 20;10(1):109.
  2. Pfitzer A, Maly C, Tappis H, et al. Characteristics of successful integrated family planning and maternal and child health services: Findings from a mixed-method, descriptive evaluation. F1000Res. 2019 Feb 28;8:229. 
  3. Yi X, Liu M, Luo Q, et al. Toxic effects of dimethyl sulfoxide on red blood cells, platelets, and vascular endothelial cells in vitro. FEBS Open Bio. 2017 Feb 20;7(4):485-494. 
  4. Karsan N, Goadsby PJ. Imaging the Premonitory Phase of Migraine. Front Neurol. 2020 Mar 25;11:140. 
  5. Chan SS, Chappel AR, Maddox KEJ, et al. Pre-exposure prophylaxis for preventing acquisition of HIV: A cross-sectional study of patients, prescribers, uptake, and spending in the United States, 2015-2016. PLoS Med. 2020 Apr 10;17(4):e1003072.

Examples of great medical journal publications from The Med Writers:

Rapid communications

Rapid (or brief) communications are aimed at publishing highly impactful preliminary findings. 

They are shorter than original research articles and focus on one specific result. 

Many journals prioritize rapid communications, since they can provide paradigm-shifts in how we understand a particular topic.

5 Examples of Rapid Communications

  1. Rose D, Ashwood P. Plasma Interleukin-35 in Children with Autism. Brain Sci. 2019 Jun 27;9(7).
  2. Nash K, Johansson A, Yogeeswaran K. Social Media Approval Reduces Emotional Arousal for People High in Narcissism: Electrophysiological Evidence. Front Hum Neurosci. 2019 Sep 20;13:292.
  3. Su Q, Bouteau A, Cardenas J, et al. Long-term absence of Langerhans cells alters the gene expression profile of keratinocytes and dendritic epidermal T cells. PLoS One. 2020 Jan 10;15(1):e0223397.
  4. Nilsson I, Palmer J, Apostolou E, et al. Metabolic Dysfunction in Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Not Due to Anti-mitochondrial Antibodies. Front Med. 2020 Mar 31;7:108.
  5. Rabiei S, Sedaghat F, Rastmanesh R. Is the hedonic hunger score associated with obesity in women? A brief communication. BMC Res Notes. 2019 Jun 10;12(1):330. 

Case reports

Case reports detail interesting clinical cases that provide new insight into an area of research. 

These are brief reports that chronicle a case, from initial presentation to prognosis (if known). 

Importantly, when writing a case report, you need to clearly identify what makes your case unique and why it’s important.

5 Examples of Great Case Studies

  1. Scoles D, Ammar MJ, Carroll SE, et al. Cytomegalovirus retinitis in an immunocompetent host after complicated cataract surgery. Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep. 2020 Apr 6;18:100702.
  2. Yanagimoto Y, Ishizaki Y, Kaneko K. Iron deficiency anemia, stunted growth, and developmental delay due to avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder by restricted eating in autism spectrum disorder. Biopsychosoc Med. 2020 Apr 10;14:8.
  3. Pringle S, van der Vegt B, Wang X, et al. Lack of Conventional Acinar Cells in Parotid Salivary Gland of Patient Taking an Anti-PD-L1 Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor. Front Oncol. 2020 Apr 2;10:420.
  4. Crivelli P, Ledda RE, Carboni M, et al. Erdheim-Chester disease presenting with cough, abdominal pain, and headache. Radiol Case Rep. 2020 Apr 10;15(6):745-748.
  5. Tsai AL, Agustines D. The Coexistence of Oculocutaneous Albinism with Schizophrenia. Cureus. 2020 Jan 9;12(1):e6617.

Literature review

A good literature review provides a comprehensive overview of current literature in a new way. There are four basic types of literature review:

Also known as narrative reviews, these reviews deliver a thorough synopsis of a body of literature. They may be used to highlight unanswered questions or knowledge gaps.

Li X, Geng M, Peng Y, Meng L, Lu S. Molecular immune pathogenesis and diagnosis of COVID-19. J Pharm Anal. 2020 Mar 5. 

Wardhan R, Kantamneni S. The Challenges of Ultrasound-guided Thoracic Paravertebral Blocks in Rib Fracture Patients. Cureus. 2020 Apr 10;12(4):e7626.

Lakhan, S.E., Vieira, K.F. Nutritional therapies for mental disorders. Nutr J 7, 2 (2008).

A minireview is similar to a review, but confines itself to a specific subtopic:

Marra A, Viale G, Curigliano G. Recent advances in triple negative breast cancer: the immunotherapy era. BMC Med. 2019 May 9;17(1):90.

These are rigorous, highly structured reviews that are often used to shed light on a specific research question. They are often combined with a meta-analysis or meta-synthesis. 

Asadi-Pooya AA, Simani L. Central nervous system manifestations of COVID-19: A systematic review. J Neurol Sci. 2020 Apr 11;413:116832.

Katsanos K, Spiliopoulos S, Kitrou P, Krokidis M, Karnabatidis D. Risk of Death Following Application of Paclitaxel-Coated Balloons and Stents in the Femoropopliteal Artery of the Leg: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. J Am Heart Assoc. 2018 Dec 18;7(24):e011245.

A meta-analysis analyzes data from multiple published studies using a standardized statistical approach. These reviews can help identify trends, patterns, and new conclusions.

Zhang J, Zhang X, Meng Y, Chen Y. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound for the differential diagnosis of thyroid nodules: An updated meta-analysis with comprehensive heterogeneity analysis. PLoS One. 2020 Apr 20;15(4):e0231775.  

 Meta-synthesis: A meta-synthesis is a qualitative (non-statistical) way to evaluate and analyze findings from several published studies.

Stuart R, Akther SF, Machin K, et al. Carers’ experiences of involuntary admission under mental health legislation: systematic review and qualitative meta-synthesis. BJPsych Open. 2020 Feb 11;6(2):e19. 


At this point you’ve established three things for your manuscript:

  1. Your goal: Is your goal to convey the latest research? You should find a way to describe what you want to accomplish with this article. 
  2. Your target audience: The most effective articles are written with a specific audience in mind. 
  3. Type of manuscript: The type of article you’re writing will influence the format of the document you are writing.

You probably have a target journal or publisher in mind and you should have checked out their formatting requirements. Now it’s time to start writing!

Notably, many seasoned authors don’t write their articles from beginning to end. For example, if you’re preparing an original research manuscript they suggest writing the methods section first, followed by the results, discussion, introduction, and, lastly, the abstract. This will help you stay within the scope of the article.


Generally, the title for a medical document should be as succinct as possible while conveying the purpose of the article. 

If you’re writing an original research article your title should convey your main finding as simply as possible. 

Avoid using unnecessary jargon and ambiguity.

Some authors recommend including keywords that will help people find your writing in the title.


Your publisher may have a specific abstract format for you to follow. There are three general types of abstract:

  • Indicative (descriptive) abstracts provide a clear overview of the topics covered. They are common in review articles and conference reports.
  • Informative abstracts summarize the article based on structure (e.g. problem, methods, case studies/results, conclusions) but without headings.
  • Structured abstracts use headings as specified by the publisher.

Good abstracts are clear, honest, brief, and specific. They also need to hook readers or your article will never be read (no pressure!).


Many publishers will ask you to come up with some keywords for your article. Make sure they’re specific and clearly represent the topic of your article. 

If you’re not sure about your keywords the National Library of Medicine’s Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) website can help. Just type in a term and it will bring up associated subject headings and definitions.


The goal of the introduction is to briefly provide context for your work and convince readers that it’s important. It is not a history lesson or a place to wax poetic about your love of medicine (unless you’re writing about history or your love of medicine). Everything in your introduction needs to be directly relevant to the overall goal of your manuscript.

Introductions vary in length and style between the different types of manuscript. The best way to understand what your publisher is looking for in an introduction is to read several examples from articles that are stylistically similar to yours.

Broadly speaking, an introduction needs to clearly identify the topic and the scope of the article. For an original research article this means you explicitly state the question you’re addressing and your proposed solution. For a literature review, the topic and its parameters should be stated.

Importantly, don’t mix the introduction with other sections. Methods and results don’t belong in the introduction.


If you use terms that are abbreviated, some journals will ask you to include a section after the introduction where you define them. Consult the authors guide to learn how you should handle abbreviations. Also check to see if they have standard abbreviations that you don’t need to define in your manuscript.

A couple of tips for abbreviations:

·        Terms that are only used once or twice should be spelled out, not abbreviated

·        Don’t capitalize each word in an acronym unless it’s a proper noun (e.g. ubiquitin proteasome system (UPS), not Ubiquitin Proteasome System (UPS))

Methods & Materials

A good methods section will contain enough information that another researcher could reproduce the work. Clearly state your experimental design, what you did in chronological order, including equipment model numbers and specific settings you used. Make sure to include all equipment, materials, and products you used as they could account for future variability. Describe any statistical analyses.

The methods section should describe the following:

·        Population and sampling methods

·        Equipment and materials

·        Procedures

·        Time frame (if relevant)

·        Analysis plan

·        Approaches to ensure reliability/validity

·        Any assumptions you used

·        Scope and limitations

If you are using methods that have been described before you can refer to that publication or include them in your supplementary material, rather than re-writing them in the body of your text.


The results section is where your findings are objectively presented (save your interpretation of the results for the discussion section). Figure out which data are important for your story before you write the results section. For each important data set provide the results (preferably in a table or graph) and include a sentence or two that summarizes the results.

It’s easy to lose sight of the goal of the paper when you’re relaying numbers through the lens of statistics. Make sure to tie your results back to the biological aspects of your paper.


The discussion section is where you sell your interpretation of the data. Your discussion section needs to tie your introduction and your results sections together. A common strategy for the discussion section is to reiterate your main findings in light of the knowledge gaps you outlined in your introduction. How do your findings move the field forward?

Consider each of your results with respect to your original question and hypothesis. If there are multiple ways to interpret your data, discuss each of them. If your findings were not in line with your hypothesis, state this and provide possible explanations.

If your data are inconsistent with other published literature it’s important to consider technical and experimental differences before concluding that you’ve stumbled onto a groundbreaking medical discovery. Discuss all potential reasons for the divergent data.

Key points to include in your discussion section:

·        What your results mean

·        Whether your methods were successful

·        How findings relate to other studies

·        Limitations of your study

·        How your work advances the field

·        Applications

·        Future directions

Don’t draw grand conclusions that aren’t supported by your data; some speculating is okay but don’t exaggerate the importance of your findings.

It’s important to remind your reader of your overall question and hypothesis throughout the discussion section, while you are providing your interpretation of the results. This will ensure that you stay on track while you’re writing and that your readers will understand exactly how your findings are relevant.


This is your final chance to convince your readers that your work is important. 

Start your conclusion by restating your question and identify whether your findings support (or fail to support) your hypothesis. 

Summarize your findings and discuss whether they agree with those of other researchers. 

Finally, identify how your data advances the field and propose new or expanded ways of thinking about the question.

It’s important to avoid making unsupported claims or over-emphasize the impact of your findings. Even if you think your findings will revolutionize medicine as we know it, refrain from making that claim until you have the evidence to back it up.


Many readers will get the bulk of their information from your figures so make sure they are clear and informative. Your readers should be able to identify your key findings from figures alone.

Tips for figures and tables:

·        Don’t repeat data in tables, figures and in the text

·        Captions should sufficiently describe the figure so the reader could understand it even if the figure was absent

·        Keep graphs simple! If a basic table will work there’s no need for a multi-colored graph


Use the acknowledgements section to identify people who made your manuscript possible. Include advisors, proofreaders, and financial backers. In addition, identify funding sources including grant or reference numbers.


Make sure to use the reference style specified by your target journal or publisher. Avoid too many references, redundant references, excessive self-referencing, and referencing for the sake of referencing. Personal communications, unpublished observations, and submitted, unaccepted manuscripts should generally be avoided.


It should go without saying that you need to be ethical when preparing medical manuscripts. Fabricating or falsifying data is never acceptable, and you put your career at risk. It’s not worth it.

Plagiarism is not a viable strategy for getting works published. Any indication that you’ve plagiarized will be investigated, and if you’re found to have plagiarized your career and scientific reputation are at stake. Any time you refer to published work you need to reference it, even if it was your own publication. Be very careful about self-plagiarizing!

To learn more about ethical writing take a look at the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services guide: Avoiding Plagiarism, Self-plagiarism, and Other Questionable Writing Practices: A Guide to Ethical Writing, by Dr. Miguel Roig.

Ethics standards require that you submit your manuscript to only one publisher at a time. If you’re caught submitting to multiple editors none of them will publish your work.

Traps to avoid

Seasoned writers told us some of the pitfalls they’ve learned how to watch out for:

Writing versus editing

Writing and editing are not the same. Get comfortable writing, that is, pouring out all of your ideas without editing yourself. Then go back and edit.

Lack of editing

One of the toughest parts of writing is opening yourself up to critique. As hard as it can be, the best way to get a polished and meaningful manuscript is to have other people read it. As writers we can get attached to particular phrases or styles that may not read as well to other people.

Edit honestly. Imagine that you’re editing someone else’s document to help give you fresh eyes. If possible give yourself a couple of days without looking at the manuscript, then go back and read it.

Being unfamiliar with the literature

It’s important to be familiar with the current literature on the topic you’re writing about. A fatal flaw of any research manuscript is proposing a hypothesis that has already been tested or posing questions that have already been answered.

Not formatting properly

If your manuscript is not formatted properly, it is less likely to be accepted. Make sure your font and line spacing are correct, that you’ve adhered to word and figure limits, and that your references are in the correct style.

Useful tips

Here are some helpful tips that you can use to improve your writing:

Framing your manuscript

A common trope in outlining manuscripts is the inverted triangle approach, which starts generally and ends specifically. A more useful method is to consider an hourglass-shaped outline, which starts generally, specifically addresses your contribution to the field, then ties your contribution back to current knowledge and unanswered questions.

Passive and active voice

Medical writing has long used passive voice to communicate and, while this is still the status quo for many journals, don’t be afraid to get out of that mire. As journals begin to recognize that active voice is not only more economical but can also be more readable they are becoming more comfortable publishing articles that include active voice.

Don’t edit while you write

Get a first draft onto paper as quickly as possible and then edit. Don’t waste time trying to get a paragraph perfect the first time you write it.

Ask someone else to edit

Medical writing does have some unique challenges associated with it. Your audience may not be experts on the material you are delivering, so an ability to communicate complicated information in an accessible manner is very helpful. Improve on your skills by asking people outside of your field to provide constructive criticism on writing samples.

It can be a very useful practice to edit some manuscripts that other people have written. This will help you understand what editors are paying attention to.

Keep track of references

Make sure to keep detailed notes of where you got your references so that you can easily and accurately cite the literature you used. There’s nothing more frustrating than not being able to remember where you saw a really great reference.

Before you submit your manuscript

Ideally, you’ve left yourself plenty of time to proofread and have other people edit your document. At the very least make sure you budget some hours to carefully proofread. Triple check that your paper adheres to formatting requirements.

Cover letters

If you’re submitting an article for consideration you’ll need to write a cover letter. Take the time to find out who the editor is and address your letter to him or her. This is your chance to communicate with the editor! A generic “To whom it may concern” won’t impress anyone.

Your cover letter should be brief, but it needs to convey the value of your paper to the journal. Describe your main findings and their significance and why they’re a great fit for your publication of interest. 

If you have conflicts of interest, disclose them in your cover letter. Also, if your paper has already been rejected, let them know. Include the reason (if known) and reviewer comments, as well as discussing changes you’ve made to improve the paper.

You can also suggest peer-reviewers or people who shouldn’t review your paper. Be cautious when suggesting reviewers! Some of the most critical reviews come from suggested reviewers.

Your cover letter is an excellent opportunity to prove that you know what the goals of the journal are and that your article furthers them. Don’t waste it!

Reviewer comments/Revisions

If the publisher asks you to address reviewer comments, take the time to do this seriously and thoughtfully. Understand reviewer comments and address them objectively and scientifically (be polite!). If you disagree with a comment, state why and include supporting references. When more experiments or computations are requested, do them. It will make your paper stronger.

When you resubmit your manuscript make sure to identify page/line numbers where changes were made.

What if you’re rejected?

Don’t despair! Rejection happens to every writer. Try to understand why your manuscript was rejected. Evaluate your manuscript honestly and take the opportunity to learn from your mistakes.

A rejected paper isn’t a dead paper. You’ll need to make some substantial revisions and may need to change your formatting before resubmitting to a new journal or publisher. In the cover letter to the new editor you’ll need to state that your manuscript was rejected. Include any information you got about why your manuscript was rejected and all reviewer comments. Identify changes you made to the paper and explain why you chose to submit to the new journal.


Medical writing can be very rewarding but it’s important that writers have a clear understanding of what publishers are looking for. High-quality, original works that advance the medical field are much more likely to be published than papers that are not original or that have little medical or scientific interest.

Quality medical writing should have clarity, economy of language, and a consistent theme. It’s important to always state the question or topic you’re addressing early and refer to it often. This will help you stay focused and within the scope of your article during the writing process and it will help your readers understand your intentions. Using an outline is a very helpful way to make sure your article is consistently on-topic.

Following the tips and techniques provided here will definitely improve your writing skills, but the most effective way to get better at medical writing is to do it. There is no single best way to prepare a medical manuscript and even professional writers are continuously tweaking their writing strategies.

Hopefully these tips have helped you create a great manuscript. If you’re feeling overwhelmed and want some help with your medical writing or editing, we at The Med Writers can help. Contact us to learn more about our writing and editing services. 

Supplements Health News

Digital Fatigue: Avoiding Burnout from Remote Work and Digital Transitioning


Digital fatigue or as it’s playfully referred to as “Zoom Fatigue” is a direct result of professionals shifting their time from traditional activities to remote and purely digital experiences on a daily basis.

COVID-19 has changed the way we work. Along with it, many changes to our daily lives, but one unexpected change for many people included a significant increase in Zoom video calls.

Zoom has allowed people to maintain employment by working from home and staying connected during these trying times.

But this rapid increase in the number of video calls that individuals have been required to participate in has resulted in “Zoom fatigue.”

In other words, people are exhausted from these video calls. Of course, it’s not just Zoom — Microsoft Teams, Skype, Google Meets or Hangouts, WebEx and others can result in the same side effect.

Why are these Zoom (and other) calls so tiring? What is causing this exhaustion?

Here we will explore the psychological reasons why Zoom meetings cause fatigue, how Zoom fatigue affects the brain.

More importantly, how you can manage stress and maintain a healthy work-life balance during the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic.

The Psychology of Digital Fatigue

“Does anyone else just feel tired ALL THE TIME since working from home? I’m just perpetually exhausted,” writes one Twitter user, a PhD student from Cornell University.

Why do we feel so drained after a Zoom meeting or call? Well, being on a video chat requires more focus than a face-to-face conversation does. This is partially because we have to work harder to decipher non-verbal cues like facial expressions and body language.

The silences that occur during a regular conversation also pose a problem when they occur during video chats. Dr. Gianpiero Petriglieri from Insead, a business school in France, tells BBC that, “Silence creates a natural rhythm in a real-life conversation.

However, when it happens in a video call, you became anxious about the technology.” It also doesn’t help that oftentimes our technology (such as internet connections) lags behind a little bit.

One 2014 study demonstrated that even small transmission delays during a teleconference call makes people perceive the responder as less friendly or focused.

People also feel more self-conscious when they are on video calls. This is because, when on camera, people become hyper-aware of their own facial expressions, posture, movements, and breathing patterns.

People also get confused about where to look when on a call.

Do you look at the image of the person talking on the screen or stare at the webcam? These feelings of self-consciousness and a lack of eye contact may result in a conversation that feels artificial.

On this very point, one Twitter user writers, “Zoom fatigue, for me, is starting at my face and thinking…why are you making that stupid face.”

During live video conference calls, research suggests that our viewing behavior does in fact change.

A recent 2020 study found that when people believed they were watching a live video call they were more likely to look at the on-screen image of the speaker.

In other words, they were trying to maintain a sense of eye contact. However, when these study participants thought they were viewing a recorded video, they looked away more and looked at other parts of the screen, such as the speaker’s mouth.

Overall, the results from this study suggest that we are more self-conscious of our actions when we believe we are being watched.

The presence of another human being (or the perceived presence) evokes our sense of ‘self’ and results in a cascade of psychological processes, including shame.

For example, one source of embarrassment can be thoughts about whether or not one’s background look good or professional enough.

Your Brain on Zoom

One critical brain region that’s involved when you are on Zoom calls is an area called the frontal cortex. This region is crucial for information processing and attention.

During a Zoom meeting, your frontal cortex has to work extra hard to put together all of the verbal and non-verbal cues you are receiving during the call.

Additionally, when you have to hyper-focus on deciphering missing information (such as lost social cues) your brain works harder to fill in the gaps.

This takes cognitive energy and tires you out more quickly than a normal conversation or meeting.

Zoom Calls = Stressed Brain

So, if Zoom calls cause stress, what does a stressed brain look like? When a stress response first starts, cortisol (the primary “stress” hormone) is released from your adrenal glands.

Excessive amounts of cortisol feedback into the brain, particularly at the level of the hippocampus. The hippocampus is the primary memory center of the brain. Repeated or chronic stress can even lead to memory impairments and a reduced drive for rewards.

Stress can also impair activity within the frontal cortex, the area of the brain that is, as mentioned above, so crucial for Zoom calls. Essentially, stress from Zoom can lead to MORE stress from Zoom.

Stress Management

While Zoom and other video call platforms create their own set of stressors, this fatigue is likely also a result of other sources of stress in our lives.

Let’s face it, the current circumstances (lockdown, quarantine, working from home, spousal unemployment) also play a role. Dr. Petriglieri agreed with this sentiment, and he went on to tell the BBC, “The video call is our reminder of the people we have lost temporarily.

It is the distress that every time you see someone online, such as your colleagues, that reminds you we should really be in the workplace together…we are all exhausted; It does not matter whether they are introverts or extroverts.

We are experiencing the same disruption of the familiar context during the pandemic.”

During stressful times such as these, it is important to review ways to manage our stress levels.

Even when stress seems out of control, there are things you can do to help build your own resilience.

Managing your everyday stress levels can potentially reduce Zoom fatigue. Here are some tips and tricks for maintaining wellness:

Activities for Reducing Zoom Fatigue

  • Exercise – regular exercise promotes healthy brain function and helps our bodies deal with stress more efficiently
  • Maintain a positive attitude – even during difficult times, keeping a positive attitude can reduce negative emotions.

    Easier said than done perhaps, but one thing you can do is remind yourself what things you can influence within your life and focus on those things.

    Rather than waste time and energy on concerns that you have absolutely no control over
  • Meditate or pray – one stress-relieving form of meditation is called ‘mindfulness meditation’ and involves practicing awareness and acceptance
  • Set limits and boundaries – know your limits and then set them with other people; practice saying ‘no’
  • Make time for your hobbies – don’t forget to engage in activities you find enjoyable, such as painting or poetry
  • Sleep and eat right – sleep also promotes brain health, as well as memory function, and a healthy diet is a critical component of general well-being
  • Maintain your social network – keep up on your friendships and relationships with your family; don’t isolate yourself – if you are too burned out to video call someone, a simple text (or even a hand-written letter!) can go a long way
  • Seek wellness treatment – sometimes we need to seek help from a professional such as a psychologist or wellness counselor; it is healthy and normal to seek treatment
  • Supplements – there are so many supplements that help with energy, stress relief, focus, mood and relaxation so use some of the suggestions below based on your needs

Supplements for Video Call Fatigue

Supplements for energy include B vitamins, especially vitamin B12, Coenzyme Q10, creatine, citrulline, beetroot powder and tyrosine. Another way to boost energy is by taking supplements at night to alleviate insomnia and promote better sleep.

Natural supplements to help with sleep include

  • Melatonin
  • Valerian root
  • Magnesium
  • Kava kava
  • Chamomile
  • Lavender.

Supplements for stress relief include

  • Ashwagandha
  • Rhodiola
  • Eleutherococcus
  • L-theanine
  • Vitamin E
  • Magnesium
  • Glycine
  • Vitamins A, C and D
  • GABA
  • 5-HTP.

Some supplements for focus and concentration include

  • Phosphatidylserine (PS)
  • Gingko biloba
  • Bacopa
  • Fish oil
  • Resveratrol
  • Acetyl L-carnitine
  • S-adenosyl methionine (SAMe)

Integrating some of these suggestions into your daily routine can decrease stress and increase overall wellness.

A less stressed individual will be a less burned out individual, and this can potentially lead to less Zoom fatigue.

Creating a Healthy Work-Life Balance

On Twitter one person writes, “Finding it incredibly hard to focus right now. #limbo #needPTO #WorkLifeBalance #timeoff #burnout.”

This user is right, work-life balance is critical. You can help to reduce stress and fatigue by creating a balance between your work life and private life.

Work-life balance speaks to one of the points in the section above: set limits and know when to say no. One thing you can learn to say ‘no’ to is back-to-back meetings.

Avoiding these back-to-back Zoom calls is one way to help maintain some balance in your life and reduce burnout.

Tips for creating a healthy work-life balance:

  • Set priorities ­– Identify the priorities in your life; rank them
  • Keep track of the time you spend working – Keeping track of time can prevent you from overworking yourself
  • Concentrate on one task at a time – Forget multitasking and focus on one task at a time for maximum efficiency
  • Respect your private and family time – Don’t forget to make time for both you and your family
  • Ask for support or assistance – Tell your boss or supervisor when you are struggling to maintain a balance; make a plan, and then tell your boss what that plan is and stick to it

Yet another person on Twitter writes, “Seeing less and less people on #Zoom with their video turned on lately. #zoom fatigue is real.”

But they have a good point. Another way you can reduce the stress of video calls is to turn the camera portion off, but leave your audio on.

This can relieve some of the stress by causing less anxiety about how you look on camera.

You can also reduce some stress associated with Zoom calls by dedicating a specific spot in your house for making these calls.


Zoom and other video calls shouldn’t be abandoned completely even though they do cause fatigue. In fact, recent research shows that video calls reduce social isolation and loneliness in older adults.

There are other benefits to video calls, such as the ability to maintain employment from home.

However, we need to learn how to allocate our time more carefully and manage stress levels in order to reduce video call burnout.

Remember that Zoom fatigue is a psychological phenomenon (as is stress, for that matter) and it can be overcome.

Thanks for reading. Please comment and share. To have an article like this written for your website, contact us.


Coronavirus COVID-19 Overview, Medications and Prevention

The world is in panic, somewhat rightly so. A lot is being written about coronavirus, but not all of it is accurate. Here is some of the lesser-known information and some perspective you may not read in many other places. It includes the only all-inclusive guide to using supplements for prevention or treatment of the novel coronavirus.

What is Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19?)

Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) results from infection with the novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV). The first case was in Wuhan China on December 31st, 2019 and the virus was identified on January 7th, 2020. COVID-19 belongs to a group of viruses known as coronaviruses (CoV), which cause many different infections.


Other coronaviruses have resulted in infectious outbreaks in recent years, including:

  • Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV): This virus was first detected in 2002 in the Guangdong province of China. Over 8,000 cases were reported around the world, with 774 deaths (mostly in individuals ages 65 or older). The source was identified as civet cats that were sold for food in a live-animal market; however, the cats had likely been infected by contact with bats. SARS has not been detected since 2004 (1).
  • Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV): This virus was first reported in 2012 in Saudi Arabia, which then spread to nearby Jordan. Through 2019, approximately 2,500 cases and 850 related deaths have been reported in 27 different countries. All cases of MERS were linked to residence or travel in and around the Arabian Peninsula. The most likely source of the virus is dromedary camels (1).

What are the differences between COVID-19 and the flu?

While there is continued growing concern about COVID-19, it is important to remember that flu season is still in full swing, and both viruses share many similarities. However, there are some key differences to note between the two as well (2).


  • COVID-19 is caused by a single virus, which has been named Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2).
  • The flu is caused by many different strains of the influenza virus. Human influenza A and B are the culprits behind the annual flu season, during the winter.


  • Both infections cause cough, fever, fatigue, and body aches; in severe cases, vomiting and diarrhea can occur
  • Pneumonia, kidney failure, and even death can occur in the most serious cases of both


  • Both are spread from person-to-person contact, mainly from an infected individual sneezing, coughing or talking
  • An infected person can spread the flu for several days before they show symptoms, and it is believed that this is true for COVID-19 as well (estimates for COVID-19 are up to 14 days)


  • COVID-19: There is currently no vaccine available to prevent COVID-19, but scientists and companies are working quickly to develop one.
  • Flu: A vaccine is released every year to prevent infection with the most common and dangerous strains of flu; additionally, the vaccine can reduce the severity of symptoms if you become infected

Infections and deaths

While the COVID-19 pandemic may seem threatening and scary, it has infected and killed only a very small percentage of people compared to the flu. The statistics for each virus are:

  • COVID-19: The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) and the World Health Organization (WHO) report as of June 10, 2020:
    • Worldwide
      • 7,145,539 cases
      • 408,025 related deaths (5.7% death rate)
    • United States
      • 1,973,797 cases in all 50 states and 4 territories
      • 112,133 related deaths (5.7% death rate)
  • Flu: The CDC estimates:
    • Worldwide
      • 1 billion cases per year
      • 291,000 to 646,000 related deaths (0.03% – 0.06% death rate)
    • United States
      • Between 9.3 million to 45 million cases per year
      • 12,000 to 61,000 related deaths (0.1% death rate)

Seasonality of COVID-19

We do not know yet if COVID-19 will be impacted by weather or temperature. Many viruses are killed by heat; each one has a different heat tolerance though. Most cases of the flu and common cold occur in winter, but it is still possible to become sick other months of the year. Some hypotheses of why viruses spread more in the winter than other seasons are:
 Days are shorter in the winter, limiting the amount of vitamin D or melatonin a person makes; these factors negatively impact the immune system
 People spend more time indoors and in close contact with one another to stay out of harsh winter weather, spreading viruses more readily
 Viruses may survive better in colder, drier climates and are more easily transmitted from person to person

Who is most impacted by COVID-19?

It is possible for anyone to become infected by COVID-19. Generally, if you are in good health, the virus will be very similar to the flu. Reports from China showed that approximately 80% of patients with confirmed cases had mild symptoms not requiring medical treatment or hospitalization. However, there are risk factors that increase your chance of infection. Some populations are at a higher risk for contracting COVID-19, such as:

  • Older adults (60 years or older)
  • People with serious chronic medical conditions such as:
    • Diabetes
    • Lung disease
    • Heart disease
    • Asthma

Individuals who are immunocompromised also need to take special precautions, as their immune systems are not strong enough to fight infections. These include:

  • People who have human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
  • Patients receiving chemotherapy or radiation for cancer treatment
  • Patients who recently had organ transplants
  • People who have certain genetic disorders that lower the immune system

If you are at a higher risk for contracting COVID-19, there are steps you can take to protect yourself further, including:

  • Stay home if you can, to prevent contact with other people
  • If you do go out, wear a face mask, keep far away from any people and wash your hands often
  • Stock up on supplies to reduce the need to go out, including food, water, medication and other necessities
  • Avoid any unnecessary travel by bus, train, airplane, ferry or cruise ship
  • Start taking immune-boosting dietary supplements (see further down)

COVID-19 and Children

There is a general concern that children are more susceptible to COVID-19 infection because they are young. However, there is no evidence that this is true. The majority of confirmed cases reported from countries around the world have occurred in adults, while fewer have been reported in children, but there definitely are pediatric cases and deaths. Comparing COVID-19 to other coronavirus outbreaks, such as SARS and MERS, infection among children was relatively uncommon (3).

Symptoms in children are usually similar to those in adults:

  • Cough
  • Fever

There are however many other possible symptoms. Gastrointestinal problems, abdominal or chest pain and other seemingly unrelated symptoms have been reported. Often, pediatric ERs are searching for sources of these other symptoms and an X-ray or CT scan shows the lung damage typical with COVID.

Reports from China also suggest that symptoms in children are milder, and more severe complications are uncommon. Like adults, children with preexisting health conditions may be at an increased risk for infection and more severe symptoms (3).

How is COVID-19 spread?


The most common method of transmission of COVID-19 is from person-to-person. The chances of spread are greater when people are in close contact with one another. Initial reports showed the virus could spread up to 6 feet but newer reports suggest infection from much further distances, as much as 27 feet. Additionally, the virus can be spread through respiratory droplets if an infected person coughs or sneezes. The droplets can then land on a nearby person’s mouth or nose or can be inhaled and expose them to infection.

For this reason, it is best to cough or sneeze into a tissue to prevent droplets from entering the air. Be sure to throw away used tissues in the trash. Afterward, wash your hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. Hand sanitizer that contains 60% or more alcohol can also be used if no soap is available.

A face mask needs to be worn to help prevent the spread of COVID-19 by preventing the widespread release of respiratory droplets from a sick person’s mouth and nose.

  • If you are sick: Wear a face mask when around other people (sharing spaces such as rooms or vehicles) and before you enter a healthcare facility. If you cannot wear a mask, be sure to cover all sneezes and coughs and take necessary precautions to limit contact with others.
  • If you are not sick: Wear a mask anytime you leave home to protect you from getting sick and also in case you are a healthy carrier of the virus.

It is imperative that healthcare workers wear N95 or comparable masks while caring for COVID-19 patients.

If you have symptoms of COVID-19, the most important thing you can do is stay home. Not only will this help your recovery, but it will also prevent further spread of the virus.


Coronaviruses can be transmitted between people and animals, and it is important to limit your contact with animals if you are infected. If possible, another member of your household should take care of your pets when you are sick. If you have COVID-19, avoid contact with your pets through:

  • Petting
  • Being kissed or licked
  • Cuddling
  • Sharing food

To prevent further spread, wash your hands before and after coming into contact with animals and wear a face mask while interacting with pets.

Testing and treatments for COVID-19

How can I get tested for COVID-19?

Currently, in the United States, you can only be tested for COVID-19 if you are showing signs and symptoms of infection (cough, fever, difficulty breathing) and if:

  • You have been in close contact with someone who is suspected or confirmed to have COVID-19 and/or
  • You live in or have traveled recently to a place where COVID-19 has been identified

Most US cities now have drive-thru testing sites, that are available by calling the local hotline phone number and answering prescreening questions to determine if you are eligible for an appointment. Search online for your city name and coronavirus testing locations.

The test uses a nasal or oral swab (much like the flu test) to collect respiratory specimens. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has released this test under Emergency Use Authorization. This means that although the test has not been officially approved by the FDA, it can still be used to diagnose COVID-19 cases in this time of emergency.

Can I take antibiotics for COVID-19?

Antibiotics do not work in treating an infection with COVID-19, just like they do not treat the flu virus. These drugs are only effective against bacterial infections, and COVID-19 and the flu are viral infections. Taking antibiotics when you do not have a bacterial infection can damage the helpful bacteria in your body, leading to bigger problems like a Clostridium difficile infection. Antibiotic resistance can also develop from taking unnecessary antibiotics, which makes treating other bacterial infections difficult later. If secondary infections, like pneumonia, develop as a result of COVID-19 infection, then antibiotics can be used.

Antiviral drugs

Current antiviral drugs are available by prescription to prevent the flu viruses from multiplying once you are infected. They can also be used for preventing infection (prophylaxis) if someone has been exposed to or come in contact with someone who has the flu. Tamiflu is a prescription antiviral medication that can shorten the length of time someone is sick with the flu (4). This medication would not work for the novel coronavirus infections because it works by targeting a molecule specific to influenza A and B viruses.

There is currently no approved antiviral drug for COVID-19, but companies are working to develop an effective medication. Researchers are currently repurposing already discovered antiviral drugs in hopes of finding one that works specifically against COVID-19. One drug, Remdesivir, was originally developed to treat Ebola and was shown to be effective against the SARS and MERS coronaviruses as well when tested against the viruses in culture dishes. These qualities suggest that it may be an effective drug to use against COVID-19 (5).

Coronaviruses use RNA as their genetic material, as opposed to humans who use DNA. The drug Remdesivir works by inhibiting an enzyme that is specific only to RNA viruses, named RNA-dependent RNA polymerase. A man in Washington State who tested positive for COVID-19 received Remdesivir and recovered well. While his results are promising for the effectiveness of the antiviral medication, larger-scale clinical trials are needed to verify these findings (5).

Many clinical trials are being conducted worldwide for patients with severe cases of COVID-19 and for patients with mild to moderate symptoms. The results of theses many trials are starting to be published, with many more to come. In the United States, the University of Nebraska Medical Center and the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases set up a multi-site clinical trial to test Remdesivir against a placebo. Up to 50 sites around the world are involved (5).

There are currently 2,208 registered clinical trials globally for COVID There are bound to be some additional drugs with promising results soon.

Is there a vaccine for COVID-19?

Currently, there is no vaccine available for COVID-19. However, scientists around the world are working quickly to develop an effective vaccine to combat spread and infection. Normally it takes 10 to 30 years for scientists to develop an effective vaccine. Obviously, we cannot wait that long. A company called Moderna started testing a potential vaccine in early March in Seattle in partnership with the U.S. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. Thy estimate that it will still take a year for a vaccine to be ready for the public. A company in North Florida called Ology Bioservices received a federal grant on March 23rd to rapidly manufacture Inovio Pharmaceuticals’ DNA virus vaccine IN-4800 for testing against the novel coronavirus. These are just two examples of the hundreds of companies globally racing to find and manufacture a vaccine.

What are steps I can take to protect myself?


Clean and disinfect surfaces that are touched daily, including:

·        Doorknobs·        Handles
·        Tables·        Light switches
·        Countertops·        Keyboards
·        Desks·        Phones
·        Toilets·        Sinks and faucets

To clean surfaces, use soap or detergent with water to wipe away dirt. Afterward, disinfect using any EPA-registered household disinfectant that is best suited for the surface of interest. Something with bleach is the safest way to go. A comprehensive list of products that are effective against COVID-19 can be found here.

If needed, other options for disinfectants include:

  • Diluted household bleach (that has not expired)
    • Mix 5 tablespoons (1/3 cup) of bleach per gallon of water


  • 4 teaspoons bleach per quart of water
  • Alcohol solutions (greater than 70% alcohol)

Diet and Lifestyle

During pandemics like COVID-19, it is important to keep yourself as healthy as possible. Your immune system functions best when you stay hydrated and eat nutritious foods. Be sure to also thoroughly cook meat and eggs that you prepare to prevent any other sickness.

Stress negatively impacts your overall health and wellbeing, weakening your immune system. While high levels of the stress hormone cortisol are beneficial short-term, long-term exposure can become damaging. Stress also decreases your white blood cell count, making it difficult to fight off viral infections such as COVID-19 (6).

It is also important to protect you and your family at home and out in the community. Keep hand sanitizer at entrances to your living space to use as you go in and out. It is also a good idea to keep a travel-size bottle in your car to use after pumping gas, opening doors, etc. Encourage your family to limit physical contact with others – instead of shaking hands, use a fist or elbow bump.

When you go out into areas with many people, be mindful of what surfaces your hands are contacting. If possible, avoid opening doors with your hands, and instead use your hips or a closed fist. This is especially important for bathrooms and other commercial locations. When you are grocery shopping, carry hand sanitizer, or disposable latex or nitrile latex gloves to prevent spread on your hands.

Most of all, avoid touching your face as much as possible. We touch our faces close to 100 times a day, most of the time without realizing it. If you touched a surface in a public place, you want to make sure you wash your hands or use hand sanitizer before touching your face.  Use the back of your hand or your knuckles if you have to touch your face while out in public. People have been wearing gloves out, which makes them less likely to touch their face with the gloves on. We are also seeing people in public with face masks on as this not only may prevent any airborne virus from infecting them (depending on the type of mask) but more importantly, it prevents them from touching their noses and mouths to possibly infect themselves. While you may not want to wear gloves and/or a face mask out all the time, it may be a consideration when going to busy places if you have a lowered immune system.


One way to naturally boost your immune system is by taking certain vitamin, mineral and herbal supplements. Here we have provided a comprehensive alphabetical list of natural approaches known to enhance your body’s defenses against the cold and flu viruses. These may also help guard against COVID-19.

A note about vitamin and mineral supplements

Immune system function has been shown to be supported by high doses of natural vitamins and minerals that are often deficient and depleted at times of infection.  While vitamins and mineral boosting can be very beneficial to the body’s ability to fight viral infection, care should be taken not to take very high doses for more than a few weeks at a time. Some of these cannot be taken together, so read carefully rather than buying them all first. Also, for some of these dietary supplements, the prevention doses can be drastically increased if you are sick, but these doses are just for a short time till you are better.

Artemisia Annua

This herb has been found to have anti-viral studies though no studies have yet been done against the SARS-CoV2 virus. It can be taken as capsules or a tea. It is not recommended for long-term use – only for short term use if sick or if suspected exposure has occurred.


The immune-boosting andrographis has been shown to be effective at reducing cold and flu symptoms.  Specifically, it reduces the amount of mucus in the nose and is an effective treatment for upper respiratory tract infections when taken within three days of the onset of symptoms. Take 1 capsule containing 300 mg daily with food.


This is a unique natural blend of minerals, a B vitamin and plant antioxidants that are able to effectively boost the immune system.  It has been around for 23 years and has many, many case reports of its effectiveness against cold and flu.  It is safe and non-toxic. Take 1 capsule 4 times daily.  Note: Coenzyme Q10, Selenium and large doses of vitamin C & E may decrease the effectiveness of this product. If sick, then take 1 capsule 6 times daily.


Carnivora is a powerful phytonutrient, extracted from the Venus flytrap plant, Dionaea muscipula.  It has been studied and used for many years to support immune system function.  Research has shown is has antimicrobial, antiviral and antibiotic properties, as well as having positive preventative results with cancers and cardiovascular problems. Take 3 capsules daily for 6 days, skipping the seventh day.  After 5 weeks, stop taking it for a week. If sick, then take 20 drops 4 times daily for 6 days, skipping the seventh day.

Colloidal Silver

Colloidal silver was commonly used as an immune booster in the early part of the 20th century and has recently been ‘rediscovered’. It works in the body by disabling the enzyme that bacteria need for their oxygen metabolism. They suffocate and die without any negative effects to the normal human oxygen metabolism. It is great for preventing or treating bacterial infections that arise from a cold or flu. Take 2 teaspoons (10 PPM) daily under the tongue for up to 10 days at a time. If sick, then take 2 teaspoons (10 PPM) daily under the tongue for up to 10 days at a time.

Additionally, silver nanoparticles have been shown in studies to inactivate viruses. Due to a lack of proven safety, these are not yet recommended.


This is an ingredient in green tea and made somewhat popular due to its ability to aid weight loss.  Studies have shown that ECGC boosts the immune system and protects against many types of diseases.  In addition, it prevents flu viruses and other types of viruses from taking hold in the body. Take 1 capsule (250 mg) twice daily.

Flax Hull Lignans

These lignans are a great source of omega-3s and antioxidants which can boost the immune system. These are more of a food than a supplement since they are not pills, capsules or liquid. As a small business, we support other small businesses and buy ours from


Garlic has long been known to be a strong antibacterial, antiviral and antifungal. Both fresh garlic and garlic oil capsules or tablets are effective. Taking 180 mg daily of garlic’s active ingredient allicin was shown to reduce rates of infection with cold viruses by half. With fresh garlic, each clove contains 4-14 mg of allicin once crushed, so it can take 12-45 cloves to get this preventative dose of garlic. Typical garlic oil capsules or tablets have this equivalent in one tablet or capsule.

Iodide/Iodine (Iodoral)

Iodine has been shown in numerous studies to be antiviral against several types of influenza viruses.  It is also antibacterial. Take 1 drop (600 mcg) in water each morning.


Oscillococcinum is a commonly-used, safe and powerful immune booster. Many studies have shown its effectiveness in reducing the duration of influenza infections and the severity of flu symptoms.  In a double-blind placebo-controlled clinical trial, 63% of patients taking Oscillococcinum showed a great reduction in symptoms after 48 hours.  It also can be taken as a preventative, to help boost the immune system and reduce the risk of contracting the flu. Oscillococcinum is available over the counter at most pharmacies and supplement stores. Dissolve one tube of pellets in your mouth twice a week. If sick, then dissolve one tube of pellets in your mouth 3 times daily.


Quercetin is a plant antioxidant commonly found in citrus fruits.  An animal study showed that it prevents the flu virus from multiplying. Take 1 capsule (500 mg) daily.


Resveratrol is a powerful phytonutrient that has received a lot of attention from the scientific community because it is a strong antioxidant.  Most commonly found in the skins of red grapes and grape products, like red wine, resveratrol reduces the risk of getting heart disease, cancer and Alzheimer’s.  Recent studies show that it is very effective in the treatment of influenza A viruses.  It prevents the virus from taking hold, blocking the parts of the cell that the virus uses to reproduce.  Take 1 capsule (250 mg) daily.


A healthy immune system relies on a critical balance of ‘beneficial’ bacteria in the gut.  Probiotic supplements restore these beneficial bacteria, which often become diminished through sickness caused by harmful microbes, poor nutrition and antibiotic drugs.  This restoration is critical for the body to fight viral infections and for general optimal health. Take 1 refrigerated capsule (1-10 billion CFUs) daily on an empty stomach. Always keep probiotic supplements in the fridge. If sick, then take 2 refrigerated capsules up to 3 times daily on an empty stomach.


Sambucol is an extract of the fruit of the elderberry shrub, Sambucus nigra.  Elderberries have been used traditionally around the world to prevent and shorten the duration of influenza infections.  It is thought that the three specific flavonoids found in black elderberries have potent anti-viral properties. Sambucol has been shown to be effective in fighting ten different cold and flu virus strains.  In a double-blind placebo-controlled randomized study, Sambucol reduced the duration of flu symptoms to 3-4 days. Take 1 teaspoonful daily. If sick, then take 1 teaspoonful every 3 hours.


Selenium is a mineral well known for boosting the immune system.  Studies have shown that in selenium-deficient animals, they get a more severe viral infection than the mice that have adequate selenium in their diets. Take 1 capsule (200 mcg) daily. If sick, then take 10 capsules (100,000 IU) 3 times daily for 7 to 10 days or until the infection is gone.

Vitamin A (Retinol NOT beta carotene)

Vitamin A has been shown to stop viruses from reproducing. It causes the immune system to make a molecule called interferon that blocks the replication of viruses. This works not just for cold and flu viruses, but any virus. Take 3 capsules (30,000 IU) daily.  Note: Do NOT take if you are pregnant.

Vitamin C

Vitamin C is a powerful immune booster and is water-soluble, which allows the body to cope with it in large amounts. Take 1 capsule (1,000 mg) 3 times daily. If sick, then take 1 capsule (1,000 mg) every hour while awake.  Note: If your stools become loose, reduce your dose.

Vitamin D

Studies show that adequate vitamin D can reduce the occurrence of colds and flu.  That makes sense since cold and flu season coincides with winter when people get less sunshine and therefore have lower blood vitamin D levels. There is preliminary evidence that vitamin D at very high levels is effective against COVID. Take 10,000 IU daily for 3 weeks to rapidly raise vitamin D concentrations, followed by 5000 IU daily after that. If sick, don’t reduce the dose – keep taking the 10,000 IU daily. Also get as much direct sunshine on face, chest, arms and legs as possible daily, while staying away from people.

Vitamin E

Vitamin E boosts the immune system and has been shown to decrease the amount of influenza virus in animals during an infection. Take 1 capsule (400 IU) daily.


Zinc is well known for boosting the immune system. Take 1 capsule (25 mg) daily.


Protect yourself and your loved ones from COVID-19, stay informed and stay calm. The spread of this virus may slow down with rising spring and soon summer temperatures, becoming seasonal much like the flu but we do not know that for sure yet. Ask us any questions you have below in the comments box. We are a team of doctorate-level biomedical scientists and MDs. We are also available to write articles for you, like this or completely different, depending on your audience and business. Contact us now to let us know how we can help you or your business.



Studies on the Recommended Supplements


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Krishnaswamy M, Purushothaman KK.  Plumbagin: a study of its antiviral, antibacterial and antifungal properties. India J Exp Biol. 1980;18(8):876-877.

Checker R, Sharma D, Sandur SK, Subrahmanyam G, Krishnan S, Poduval TB, Sainis KB. Plumbagin inhibits proliferative and inflammatory responses of T cells independent of ROS generation but by modulating intracellular thiols. J Cell Biochem. 2010 Aug 1;110(5):1082-93.

Kreher B, Neszmelyi A, Polos K, Wagner H.  Structure educidation of plumbagin analogs from Dionaea muscipula and their in vitro immunological activity on human granulocytes and lymphocytes.  Planta Med. 1989;55(1):112.

Kreher B,  Neszmelyi A, Polos K, Wagner H.  Structure elucidation of plumbagin-analogues from Dionaea muscipula and their immunomodulating activities in vitro and in vivo.  Molecular Recognition.  Int. Symposium Sopron, Hungary, 1988 August;24-27.

Rastogi RP, Dhawan BN.  Anti- and antiviral activities in Indian medicinal plants. Drug Dev Res. 1990;19(1):1-12.

Colloidal Silver

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Howes HC. Penicillin versus silver nitrate. Can Nurse. 1951 Jan;47(1):28-9.


Song JM, Lee KH, Seong BL. Antiviral effect of catechins in green tea on influenza virus. Antiviral Res. 2005 Nov;68(2):66-74.

Furuta T, Hirooka Y, Abe A, Sugata Y, Ueda M, Murakami K, Suzuki T, Tanaka K, Kan T. Concise synthesis of dideoxy-epigallocatechin gallate (DO-EGCG) and evaluation of its anti-influenza virus activity. Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2007 Jun 1;17(11):3095-8.

Xiao X, Yang ZQ, Shi LQ, Liu J, Chen W. Antiviral effect of epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) on influenza A virus. Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 2008 Nov;33(22):2678-82.


Lissiman E, Bhasale AL, Cohen M. Garlic for the common cold. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2014 Nov 11;(11):CD006206.


Shiraishi T, Nakagawa Y. Evaluation of the bactericidal activity of povidone-iodine and commercially available gargle preparations. Dermatology. 2002;204 Suppl 1:37-41.

Taylor CF. Study on the prevention of the common cold and influenza by iodine. Scalpel. 1954 Nov 20;107(47):1235-9.

Sabracos L, Romanou S, Dontas I, Coulocheri S, Ploumidou K, Perrea D. The in vitro effective antiviral action of povidone-iodine (PVP-I) may also have therapeutic potential by its intravenous administration diluted with Ringer’s solution. Med Hypotheses. 2007;68(2):272-4.


Papp R, Schuback G, Beck E, et al. Oscillococcinum in patients with influenza-like syndromes: a placebo-controlled, double-blind evaluation. Br Homeopath J. 1998;87:69-76.

Ferley JP, Zmirou D, D’Adhemar D, Balducci F. A controlled evaluation of a homeopathic preparation in the treatment of influenza-like syndromes. Br J Clin Pharmacol. 1989;27:329-335.


Kim Y, Narayanan S, Chang KO. Inhibition of influenza virus replication by plant-derived isoquercetin. Antiviral Res. 2010 Nov;88(2):227-35.


Palamara AT, Nencioni L, Aquilano K, et al. Inhibition of influenza A virus replication by resveratrol. The Journal of Infectious Diseases. 2005;191(10):1719-29.

Friel H, Lederman H. A nutritional supplement formula for influenza A (H5N1) infection in humans. Med Hypotheses. 2006;67(3):578-87.

Drago L, Nicola L, Ossola F, De Vecchi E. In vitro antiviral activity of resveratrol against respiratory viruses. J Chemother. 2008 Jun;20(3):393-4.

Guan WD, Yang ZF, Liu N, Qin S, Zhang FX, Zhu YT. In vitro experimental study on the effect of resveratrol against several kinds of respiroviruses. Zhong Yao Cai. 2008 Sep;31(9):1388-90.

Burns J, Yokota T, Ashihara H, Lean ME, Crozier A. Plant foods and herbal sources of resveratrol. J Agric Food Chem. 2002;50(11):3337-3340.

Rimando AM, Kalt W, Magee JB, Dewey J, Ballington JR. Resveratrol, pterostilbene, and piceatannol in vaccinium berries. J Agric Food Chem. 2004;52(15):4713-4719.

Sanders TH, McMichael RW, Jr., Hendrix KW. Occurrence of resveratrol in edible peanuts. J Agric Food Chem. 2000;48(4):1243-1246.

Aggarwal BB, Bhardwaj A, Aggarwal RS, Seeram NP, Shishodia S, Takada Y. Role of resveratrol in prevention and therapy of cancer: preclinical and clinical studies. Anticancer Res. 2004;24(5A):2783-2840.

Baur JA, Pearson KJ, Price NL, et al. Resveratrol improves health and survival of mice on a high-calorie diet. Nature. 2006;444(7117):337-342.

Valenzano DR, Terzibasi E, Genade T, Cattaneo A, Domenici L, Cellerino A. Resveratrol prolongs lifespan and retards the onset of age-related markers in a short-lived vertebrate. Curr Biol. 2006;16(3):296-300.

Siemann EH, Creasey LL. Concentration of the phytoalexin resveratrol in wine. Am J Enol Vitic. 1992;43(1):49-52.

Criqui MH, Ringel BL. Does diet or alcohol explain the French paradox? Lancet. 1994;344(8939-8940):1719-1723.

St Leger AS, Cochrane AL, Moore F. Factors associated with cardiac mortality in developed countries with particular reference to the consumption of wine. Lancet. 1979;1(8124):1017-1020.

Orgogozo JM, Dartigues JF, Lafont S, et al. Wine consumption and dementia in the elderly: a prospective community study in the Bordeaux area. Rev Neurol. 1997;153:185-192.

Truelsen T, Thudium D, Gronbaek M. Amount and type of alcohol and risk of dementia: the Copenhagen City Heart Study. Neurology. 2002;59:1313-1319.

Luchsinger JA, Tang MX, Siddiqui M, Shea S, Mayeux R. Alcohol intake and risk of dementia. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2004;52:540-546.

Lindsay J, Laurin D, Verreault R, et al. Risk factors for Alzheimer’s disease: a prospective analysis from the Canadian Study of Health and Aging. Am J Epidemiol. 2002;156:445-453.

Ladiwala ARA, Lin JC, Bale SS, et al. Resveratrol selectively remodels soluble oligomers and fibrils of amyloid Ab into off-pathway conformers. J Biol Chem. 2010;285(31):24228-31.


Barak V, Halperin T, Kalickman I. The effect of Sambucol, a black elderberry-based, natural product, on the production of human cytokines: I. Inflammatory cytokines. J Infect Dis. 2001 Apr-Jun;12(2):290-6.

Vitamin D

Grant WB. Vitamin D supplementation could reduce the risk of type A influenza infection and subsequent pneumonia. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2010 Oct;29(10):987.

Grant WB, Lahore H, McDonnell SL, Baggerly CA, French CB, Aliano JL, Bhattoa HP. Evidence that Vitamin D Supplementation Could Reduce Risk of Influenza and COVID-19 Infections and Deaths. Nutrients. 2020 Apr 2;12(4).